CHAPTER VIII. MISSIONARY OPERATIONS...1837..1843
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MISSIONARY OPERATIONS, FROM THE DEATH OF MRS. DAVIS, 1ST FEBRUARY 1837, TO TRINITY SUNDAY, 1843, WHEN HE WAS ORDAINED DEACON.
Anxiety respecting Ordination--Psalm-Singing Colonel, and four faithful Ministers at Sydney--Roman Catholic Bishop and Priest arrive just as the Maori New Testament issued from the Press--Applies for a Bishop to superintend the Mission-- Epidemic Diseases--Death of Paratene--Second Marriage--Anticipated evils from Colonization--Progress of the Gospel at East Cape--Designs to erect a Mill for the Natives--Increase of Adult Baptisms, and of Natives seeking Instruction-- Atrocious Murder--Increase of Popery--Progress of the Gospel from Cook's Straits to the Bay of Plenty--The Queen proclaimed--Captain Hobson Lieutenant-Governor--Opposition of Papists--Applies for Ordination--Great Increase of Native Communicants and Natives Baptized--Faith of an old Chief near to Death --Letter of Taurua on his Daughter's Death--Death of his Son, Coleman Davis--Most Atrocious Murder--Arrival of Bishop Selwyn--Admiration of the Bishop and his Plans--Grateful Remembrance of his Examining Chaplain--Ordained Deacon.
"WAIMATE, BAY OF ISLANDS,
4th March 1837.
"MY DEAREST MATILDA,--The contents of your very interesting letter gave me pleasure. Nothing gives me so much satisfaction as to know, that my beloved ones are employed in the Lord's work. To be able to rejoice over the returning sinner is to possess the spirit which actuates the angelic host, the blest inhabitants of the fields of light. To be made instrumental in bringing a poor soul to Christ is the greatest honour which can be conferred upon us.
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Visiting the sick is a great missionary duty, but, alas! it is a duty which has not been sufficiently attended to.
"The more I read the Word of God, the more I am convinced of our shortcomings, and of our too little acquaintance with God in Christ. O let us awake as out of sleep, and commence our journey anew! Let the death of our beloved one be the cause of a new era in our Christian course. Should I be spared, I hope to be enabled to live a new life. Let us all be of the same mind! Let us all mind this duty! Nothing but a full assurance of faith will enable us to glorify God in the fires. Strive to possess, my dearest child, this privilege. It is within your reach. It is a common privilege to all God's children, if they will only seek it. I have lost more than a wife. You have lost a most affectionate mother. The conflict in my mind is at times distressing. But hitherto I have been helped. God is faithful; yea, faithfulness.
"I feel quite satisfied at the conclusion you have come to. It has been made a subject of prayer. Hence I trust it is now settled according to the will of Heaven. This is right. All will be well.
"RELIGIOUS NOVELS ARE CALCULATED TO GRATIFY THE IMAGINATION, BUT NOT TO EDIFY AND EXALT THE SOUL. I find the Bible the only book which will suffice in seasons of distress. If we lived in perfect acquaintance with the contents of the Bible, we should be well prepared for trouble. I must confess that I have not read my Bible as I ought to have done. I have been too remiss in conversing with you on the all-important subject of religion. Since the death of your dear mother I have been much
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distressed from this neglect on my part. O my child, let us live anew!
"Have you ever thought of that text of Scripture in which Christ speaks of our receiving the kingdom of heaven as a little child? I confess I view it now in a different light from that in which I have heretofore considered it. O that we may be led into all truth! ' Live, my dear child, live near to God! Strive to possess as soon as possible a FULL ASSURANCE of faith.
"Give William a kiss for me., Be sure you begin to bend the twig. Be sure you bring him up only in the nurture and admonition of the Lord.--I remain, my dearest Matilda, your most affectionate father,
"To MRS. PUCKEY, Kaitaia."
"WAIMATE, NEW ZEALAND,
11th March 1837.
"MY DEAR SIR,--I met a large party of natives, with some of whom I felt encouraged. Amongst them was an aged chief, who now attended for the first time. He has been a most wicked man. He pleaded his guilt, his great and numerous sins. I endeavoured to plead the efficacy of the Saviour's blood, and the freeness of a Saviour's love. He said, 'My sins have been very great and numerous. I have been a great thief, a cruel murderer, and a very wicked man. I have been a man of great anger, often angry without a cause. How can my sins be done away with?' I replied, that' the blood of Christ cleanseth from all sin.' He said, 'he feared he should fall away again,
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and that the tender plant would be dried, burnt up, and destroyed by the hot shining of the sun.'
"On 2d April twenty-six adults were admitted to the sacred ordinance of baptism. Twenty-four of these were from the Mawe and Kaikohe districts. On the following Sunday fourteen more adults were baptized. O that they may be baptized with the Holy Ghost, and that the name of Christ may be glorified in, and by, and through them!
"24th April.--Yesterday we met at the Lord's Table. But our native communicants did not exceed sixty or seventy. The war was the cause of this diminution of numbers. Threats had been held out by one of the hostile parties against my Kaikohe district. It was not considered advisable that the communicants should leave home. I trust, upon the whole, that our little church is growing in the knowledge of the Lord. A work is begun; a foundation is laid for a glorious edifice, against which the gates of hell cannot prevail. Precious Christ, to His name be all the glory!
"Yesterday three months ago we had a large assemblage of communicants. Then I partook of the sacred ordinance kneeling by the side of my dearly beloved wife. The Tuesday following was her last day on earth. The stroke was sharp. It laid me low, and I am not yet recovered from its effects. But all is well. My beloved one is landed on the happy shores of heavenly bliss. Whatever of sorrow and pain she endured below only adds to her present happiness. My turn will come, in God's own time, to follow her into the presence of her Redeemer. During the last three months I have had much experience
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of the great goodness and faithfulness of God. The hand of the enemy has been sometimes raised against me in such a way as to lay me very low. But, to the faithfulness of the ever-blessed God, I would record that, when the enemy came in like a flood, a standard was lifted up against him. I have been in the furnace, but I trust I have been purified thereby. I have been in deep waters, but they have not swallowed me up. Should I be spared, I hope to be able to dedicate my soul anew to the service of my God in the missionary field. At present I have a good share of missionary labour, but I hope the Lord will increase my faith and zeal and spiritual strength, with an increase of labour also. All must come from Him. In myself I am only capable of sinning; but in Him, and through Him, I can do all things. The seventeenth and forty-seventh years of my life have been ushered in by eventful circumstances. At the age of seventeen I became attached to my wife. At the age of forty-seven I was separated from her. Five years were spent in courtship, and twenty-five years in wedlock, so that for thirty years our union of affection lasted in all its strength. Little did I know her value as a wife and companion until now she is taken from me. My beloved children are all very kind and attentive. I am much blessed in them. My dear Serena is very poorly still, but the Lord still spares her to me. O that my thankfulness may keep pace with my numerous mercies!
"As I hope now, should it so please the Lord, to be more devoted to direct missionary work, I have had for some months past some thought on my mind respecting orders. Please to write your mind most FREELY on this
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subject. I should not have had a thought of this, had I not seen a probability of being delivered from the care of my present establishment by my son William. I anticipate no difficulty in procuring the testimony of my brethren, or the concurrence of the Society. My great anxiety is TO ASCERTAIN THE MIND AND WILL OF MY HEAVENLY FATHER ON THIS SUBJECT. Should it be His will, and more conduce to His glory, I should feel it my duty to seek for ordination. I have already preached some hundreds of sermons. I have not called this preaching, but speaking. Whether God has blessed my labours, or to what extent He has used me, a most unworthy instrument, will only be known at the last great day. If I have been an instrument in His hand of making His mercies known, this will add to His glory and my happiness; because it will keep me more low before His throne, so that my enlarged soul will hold greater measures of His love. To be what I am I consider a great privilege; and I am most willing to remain as I am should this be the will of God, and more conduce to His glory. O pray for me! Pray that my future steps may be directed, and that I may be more devotedly given up to the service of my God.
"The following are the plans I have formed for my future life, should the Lord bless me with health and strength, and enable me to carry them into execution. At Waimate I hope alternately to share with my brethren in the service, and to discharge my catechetical duties as at present. At Kaikohe I hope to build a decent little church, large enough to seat 300 worshippers. This must be a weatherboard erection. As Kaikohe is ten miles distant from
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Waimate, and there has been a great ingathering of souls there, and consequently much missionary care required, I wish to erect a neat native building at Kaikohe, that I may spend part of my time amongst them. Had my beloved wife been spared we might have lived there principally. By this plan I purpose frequently to visit a very interesting Christian congregation about eleven miles further distant, from whom my catechumens partly come. These met me yesterday. Their religious experience was most pleasing. Other small bodies of natives are within easy reach of Kaikohe. At Mawe, four miles from Waimate, and on the road to Kaikohe, I hope to visit oftener than heretofore. Here there has been an ingathering of souls, so that much missionary care is required. At Mawe I am about to build a chapel large enough to seat 350. Towards the building of this chapel my friend Broughton has contributed £30 worth of trade. The expense of the other chapel will chiefly devolve on me. I shall endeavour to start both buildings at the same time, that those engaged in the erections may be a stimulus to each other. I feel my utter unworthiness to be thus employed in the vineyard of my dear Redeemer. But He will send by whom He will send. God's merciful answer to my prayers, and the support and comfort He vouchsafed to me in my painful bereavement, will add ecstasy to my song in the realms of bliss.
"The cause of Christ is making some progress. The spiritual health of the mission was never better. There are, indeed, a few cases over which we lament. In the days of the Apostles some received baptism, whose future
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lives were not consistent. If inspired Christians were imposed upon, we must not expect to escape. Tuesday I had a very large party of inquiring natives, whose conversation on religion was most satisfactory. Some new catechumens came this week, and some few, who had visited me formerly, but afterwards absented themselves, have returned. O may my zeal and love keep pace with the mercy and goodness of God! My responsibility presses heavily upon me, and constrains me to cry out, 'Who is sufficient for these things?' our sufficiency is of God. It is my desire always to sit at the feet of Jesus, to learn of Him, and to be in His hands, as clay in the hands of the potter. But to realize this desire I find most difficult.
"It is a minister's duty to visit his congregation from house to house, as thus only can he fulfil the Divine injunction of going into the highways and hedges to compel sinners to come in. It is my decided conviction, that if sinners at home were as plainly and earnestly dealt with as the New Zealanders are, a great blessing would be the result. The Gospel, my dear sir, CANNOT BE FAITHFULLY PREACHED IN VAIN. It is the power of God. It is a message of love. Nothing works upon the heart so effectually as love. Wherever God sends His Gospel, He has a people. Wherever He sends a laborious, faithful minister, He has much people. I fear some called Gospel preachers are too content with merely giving a couple of scholastic sermons a week, while their time, which should be devoted to their flocks, is occupied in following desires and devices instilled in their hearts by Satan to lead them insensibly from their ministerial duties. I speak from experience.
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"With my most affectionate regards to Mrs. Coleman and your honoured father,-- I remain, my dear sir, respectfully and affectionately yours, RICHARD DAVIS."
"WAIMATE, BAY OF ISLANDS, NEW ZEALAND,
22d May 1837.
"MY VERY DEAR SIR,--I have been much exercised in spiritual conflicts which, in connexion with my bereavement, have brought me down considerably. I am yet suffering from rheumatic pains in the chest, and from sleeplessness at night. From the Medical Herbal you sent me, I learnt that the decoction of hops might suit my case. I tried it with good success at first, but it now ceases to be efficacious. Absence from home seems the best remedy, but duty detains me here. This is our season for wheat-sowing, and my dear William is not sufficiently qualified to take the whole management upon him. The Lord is dealing most graciously with me. He seems to be preparing me for something--perhaps for greater enjoyment of His presence here--or perhaps for His kingdom in heaven. Whichever it may be, all will be well. His word of promise is for ever sure. It is like the eternal hills, which cannot be moved at any time.
"What you have written from time to time respecting ordination I scarcely know what to think of. It is, I trust, the whole desire of my heart to be found in the ways of God, doing what I do solely under His guidance and direction. If I know myself, I wish to love Him with my whole heart, and to have all the powers of my soul and body truly sanctified, and dedicated wholly to His service.
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Alas! I find it difficult to know myself. I am often alarmed at the wickedness of my heart, and the deadness which too often comes over my soul. At present I am not strong in body or mind. But the Lord is still gracious.
O that my soul were swallowed up in His love! I have been thinking seriously on the subject of ordination. I view the ordinance in a most solemn light. Nothing but a clear understanding that it is the will of God would ever induce me to desire it. I hope ere long to be more given up to missionary work, and I pray that this may be in the Lord's own way. O that the Lord may make me to feel a lively interest in the spiritual welfare of the poor natives!
I am anxious to be more among my people. I hear of inconsistencies, which my presence, under God, might be calculated to remove. They require all the shepherd's care. My prayer is that the Lord may bless me with more missionary zeal, and with a true missionary spirit, now that a way seems opening for my more direct employment in His vineyard.
"10th September.--Met around the table of the Lord 116 native communicants. O that I may be enabled to cast all my care upon the Lord!
"Oh, my dearest and best earthly friend, write to me speedily. Give me your counsel and your advice. With my most affectionate love to Mrs. Coleman and your honoured father,--I remain, my ever dear sir, most affectionately yours, RICHARD DAVIS."
"SYDNEY, 30th October 1837.
"MY DEAR SIR,--I yesterday attended Mr. Cowper's church, where I heard ---- preach from Hebrews ix. 27.
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The sermon was delivered seriously and impressively. The doctrine of the atonement was preached, but without ministering food to my soul. Christ was declared to be the procuring cause of God's mercies. I view the atonement of Christ not as the procuring cause, but as the effect of the love of God to a fallen world. This the Scriptures clearly and explicitly declare. 'God so loved the world that He sent his only begotten Son,' etc. 'God was in Christ reconciling the world unto Himself.'
"After sermon we met around the Lord's Table. Among the communicants was an officer, whom they designate the psalm-singing Colonel. He commands the regiment, part of which is now stationed at Sydney. Previously to his arrival the band played in the barrack-yard every Sabbath afternoon, which attracted the gay and thoughtless, and augmented the desecration of God's holy day. On his arrival this ungodly practice was discontinued. Sacred music is now substituted on Sunday nights at their beat off. On a still evening this has a fine effect. But the novelty of sacred music in a barrack-yard at first surprised me. I was introduced at Paramatta to Captain and Mrs. Benson, decidedly pious, zealous, active Christians. Thus God has some choice ones among the military in this colony. God, I trust, is about to bless this wicked colony. Colonel Woodhouse is a faithful witness in his department. With pleasure have I listened to the tune of the evening hymn on the bugles from my lodgings. Four new chaplains have arrived. Two of them preached to-day, both champions of the cross. This rejoices my heart, and cheers my drooping spirits. The morning
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preacher proved the state of our bondage by nature--the power required to break the chain--and the glorious liberty into which the children of God are brought, even their blessedness in this life, and their final blessedness with Christ in glory. The preacher in the afternoon expatiated on the nature of the fall, and how it affects us-- on our spiritual death by nature--and on our spiritual life in Christ, the foretaste of consummate happiness with Christ in glory. The other two read prayers. One of them, only in deacon's orders, read most feelingly. I believe him to be decided for God. This triumphant entrance of the Gospel into this dark colony has brought a gleam of joy over my dejected mind. O that I could rejoice more in my Saviour! O my God, Thou hast been gracious unto me. May I from henceforth live devotedly Thine!
"With kind love to Mrs. Coleman and your honoured father,--I remain, my dear sir, affectionately yours,
"WAIMATE, BAY OF ISLANDS, NEW ZEALAND,
26th February 1838.
"MY DEAR SIR,--Yesterday 115 natives received the sacrament. I fear there was much formality amongst them. During the native sermon I went to ascertain if my invalid daughter was able to attend the ordinance. On my return I found some who were to partake of the sacrament lying down at such a distance from the chapel as not to be able to hear the sermon. One was excluded from the sacrament. O that this ordinance may
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be blessed to the establishment of the. faith of the believing recipients.
"It gives me much pleasure to hear that you are so fully engaged in the vineyard of Christ. May the Lord bless your labours a hundred-fold to His glory! We have much to do, and but little time to do it in. Satan and sin are raging around, and suggesting and tempting within. It is only through mighty grace that we can make our way to glory.
"At present I have only my three sons at home with me. They are most kind and attentive. But, alas! how changed my home is! It is lonely and solitary. But, if thereby I shall be better prepared for the society of the just made perfect, all will be well. I now see things in a different light from what I formerly did. The world has no charms. From it and in it I feel no enjoyment. My way is solitary. My path is forlorn. What a happy world this would be without sin! But, alas! sin--dreadful sin--embitters all things of a sublunary nature. May the Lord spare me a little longer, for the sake of my dear children. The natives are also near my heart. I hope to become better acquainted with the glorious realities of the upper world. I hope my heart will be more and more filled with love to God, that I may be more and more devoted to His service. This alone constitutes life.
"I fear there exists a spiritual defect among us, causing a state of deadness. We want an outpouring of the Spirit, which I fear is not sought as earnestly in prayer as it ought to be. Our families are growing up, and some members are off the Society's books. Consequently, parents are
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obligated to make some provision for their children so circumstanced, that they may make their way in the world. This has been the cause of worldly-mindedness in some. Several natives have fallen into sin. In some a spirit of repentance has been manifested. Since my return from Port Jackson a few have been added to my catechumens, so that we are not come to a stand-still. My house at Kaikohe is building. May the Lord enable me to labour with diligence among them! There is much Christian simplicity in many of the natives; and many, I trust, will be bright gems in the Redeemer's crown at the last day.
"Two Roman Catholic missionaries have arrived at Hokianga, one a bishop, the other a priest. O Lord, suffer not the Man of Sin to gain a footing here. Preserve us and our dear people from the errors of Popery. The completion of the New Testament is to us a source of much thankfulness. It came from the press at the very time the Roman Catholic bishop and priest arrived in New Zealand. They reside in the district of Hokianga, but occasionally visit the Bay. I much fear their insidious, wily proceedings. May the Lord deliver us from the iron grasp of Rome!
"16th May.--Last Sunday forty-nine adults received Christian baptism. We have a good hope that they are all under the influence of the Spirit of God. My meeting on Tuesday last was one of the best I ever attended. About eighty were present. I feel much comfort in my congregations. At Kaikohe about sixty children belong to the infant-school. Our Sunday-schools are well attended. Most old and young learn to read. All attendants
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at church learn the catechisms. I believe that the bark-chapel of Kaikohe last Sunday contained as many devout worshippers, as some of your sumptuous churches. I trust that Christ is glorified in the salvation of many Maoris. This cheers me. Of late I have experienced relief of mind from having felt greater devotion and more spiritual vivacity in addressing them. O my dearest friend, how precious the Gospel is! Words can only convey a faint idea of the Christian's present enjoyment. How sweet it will be to lie low at the foot of the throne!
"I long to hear that you have a little company of humble, faithful, worshippers in your congregation. They will support you and bring down blessings on your labours. I know what it is to labour year after year without any evident fruit. It is dry heavy work, calculated to press heavily on both body and mind.
"My poor natives are still very ignorant, but in some few there is a depth of piety which rejoices my heart. The Holy Spirit, my dear sir, is teaching some of them the deep things of God. I rejoice that the name of God is glorified in their salvation, and that it will be glorified. Many have been carried off by disease. Let me entreat your prayers for my natives.
"There is a great work going on at Kaitaia. Many adults were baptized in that settlement about three weeks ago, when the Rev. W. Williams visited them. It is a great comfort to me that the labours of my beloved children are so blessed. O that we may be still more worthy to labour for Christ! Yet it is necessary and essential that at all times we should be little children at
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the feet of Christ. How soon human nature is puffed up! How susceptible is it of pride in a thousand forms!
"My dwelling is very solitary at times. But when the Lord vouchsafes His presence, it is lighted up with peace. With kindest Christian love to Mrs. Coleman, to your honoured father, and to all friends,--I remain, my dear sir, respectfully and affectionately yours,
"WAIMATE, NEW ZEALAND,
May 27, 1838.
"MY DEAR SIR,--As I am informed the French ship is delayed, I gladly embrace the opportunity of writing you a few lines. My mind is much distressed on account of the sickness and frequent deaths of the poor natives. I cannot but think they bid fair for annihilation. May the Lord in mercy withdraw His hand speedily from us!
"I yesterday at Mawe, after divine service, visited the sick, and was much distressed from the helpless misery I witnessed. The poor natives are affected with a new epidemic, which first causes great pain in the ears and head. The whole head then swells frightfully, the patient becomes blind, and the throat so far partakes of the malady, that the person soon becomes incapable of swallowing anything but liquids. In fact, I think the throat is the most dangerous part of the disease. I have three persons belonging to my Mawe congregation now lying under this malady. The first person who was attacked, is, I am thankful to hear, getting better. His sight is restored, and he can again move a little. The second per-
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son attacked I hope will get better. The swelling is very great, but from the state of the pulse I hope the inflammation is decreased. The third patient is much swelled in the throat, and the glands of the neck, and round the ears. But as there is much discharge of white watery fluid from the ear, I hope she will not be blind. There is much inflammation, and the disease does not seem to have attained its height. This to the natives and to us is quite a new malady.
"In some few cases there has been some appearance of a similarity to the cholera. These cases have for the most part proved fatal. Some have come near to what Dr. Thomas calls the Devonshire colic. Another new epidemic broke in upon us a few weeks ago of a very singular nature. A pain in the bowels is first felt. The body in a short time becomes so distended that in the course of a very little time, if medical aid is not at hand, the person dies of suffocation. This disease is quite new both to us and the natives. They call it the 'CLOVER,' on account of the manner in which they have seen the cattle blown from eating clover, and the disease is exactly similar. At the first appearance of this complaint a poor woman, who had been working on my son's farm, came home in the evening. She complained of hunger, sat down and cleaned her potatoes, cooked and ate them. Several people were sleeping in the same house. Soon after she lay down for the night, she complained of a pain in her bowels, and began to groan. The inmates of the house fell asleep. In the night one of the people woke up, and inquired how the woman was. No answer was given. An examination
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took place. The woman was dead. Thus the poor creature died before I knew she was ill. The case distressed me very much, as the disease has universally given way to an emetic or a dose of aperient medicine. The natives sleeping in the house were so very much alarmed at the distended appearance of the corpse, that they had even buried the poor woman before I knew she was dead. She left a little girl at her breast of about four months old. This child is being brought up by my daughter Serena. There were also a few other cases at first, which proved fatal. But when the disease was found to give way so easily to medicine, we stored the surrounding tribes with doses of medicine, that they might be ready in case of an attack. For so sudden was the disease, and fatal in a short time, that it left no time for application to us. This epidemic seems now to be passing away, but it is succeeded by swelling of the face. May the Lord have mercy upon us. My mind is weak, and my nervous system so broken up, that I feel these calamities of my poor people very much.
"We have just heard from our Society of a society that is formed to colonize this country. Surely the British Government will never consent to such a step. How can they give up a country which is not their own? Alas, I know not what is coming upon us. The cause of our dear Redeemer is, I hope, being extended. At our last meeting I had several new catechumens. To-night, whilst I have been writing, a young man has come to be directed in the way to heaven. My dear Serena is still very poorly, but the Lord deals graciously with us. The other branches of my family are pretty well. The Lord is doing
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His great work at Kaitaia. We have reason to be thankful, but we can only rejoice with trembling, on account of the sickness and death of our poor people. I think you will all accompany us to a throne of grace in their behalf, and lift up with us your voices for the remnant that is left. I have had but one solitary letter from your dear family for a long time. This I lament.
"I remain, my dear sir, with much respect, affectionately yours,
"To BENJAMIN FREEMAN COLEMAN, Esq."
"KAITAIA, NEW ZEALAND, July 18, 1838.
"MY DEAR SIR,--Last Thursday night I reached this station, and had the unspeakable pleasure of finding my dear children blest with health and surrounded with usefulness. The Lord is carrying on His own work here. I have been much solicited by inquiring people since I have been here already. I rejoice in the field of usefulness in which my dear children are labouring, but I tremble for their responsibility. May the Lord enable me to assist them with my poor prayers and advice.
"My journey was rather hard, occasioned from a bruise I received on my knee a few weeks ago from the fall of my horse. Since my arrival here I have had a bowel complaint, so that my strong man seems to be bowing down under me. A few weeks ago my health appeared in a great measure reinstated, but I fear now it will never again be the case. May the Lord prepare me for His kingdom. I feel myself indeed to be a poor sinner.
"I considered a little relaxation from my Waimate duties
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would be of service to me. But I already begin to think about home. I shall, however, stay as long as I can.
"The work of the mission is, I trust, making progress. Never did I see the mission in so healthful a state as at present. Paratene has been taken from us. He died as he had lived, seeking the best interest of his people. He fell a victim to the late epidemic. As long as he was able he attended on the sick, and was attentive to all their wants. He is gone--with him the bitterness of death is past--he is safely landed on the happy shores of eternal love. Happy soul, washed in thy Redeemer's blood and clothed with His righteousness, thou art eternally happy. Dear man, while in the world he was a father to his tribe. Alas! how much they will miss him. Many attended his funeral. He was indeed a blessing to his people.
"By the last opportunity, a few weeks ago, a parcel was sent to the C. M. House containing two copies of the New Testament in sheets. They were packed up by Mr. Colenso at my request for you. Should they not have been forwarded to you, please to write to the Mission House for them. The scarcity of books for prayer has rendered it necessary that the Prayer-book should be printed before the dictionary. This latter work will however go to the press immediately after the former. And should I be spared, copies will be forwarded as soon as possible after they are out of press.
"Thank you and dear Mrs. Coleman and your honoured father for your joint consolatory letter. I hope, when at home, to write more at length to Mrs. Coleman, and to thank her for her very kind invitation. But England's
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shores I never more expect to see. I think I could scarcely survive the long and wide separation from my beloved children, rendered, if possible, more dear from the loss of their much-loved mother. It cost me much to go to the colony. My dear people, too, require my assistance. They require that care and attention which will not allow me to leave them. The few years I may have to remain I would wish to devote to them.
"Permit me, my dear sir, to congratulate you on your induction to your cure of souls at Ventnor. It is a great and responsible work to stand between God and immortal beings. May the Lord make and keep you faithful. Your last letter has caused me to wish to hear further from you.
"My dear Serena is still continued to me. In health she was when I left much as usual. With Christian love to Mrs. Coleman and your honoured father,--I remain, my dear sir, with much respect, affectionately yours,
"WAIMATE, NEW ZEALAND,
November 15, 1838.
"MY DEAR SIR,--My last letter to you was written from Kaitaia. Since that period I have received two private confidential letters from you, containing an invitation for me to visit England, etc. etc. A few days ago I received yours of May 21st, containing an announcement of your having lost your highly respected and much-loved parent, and of your having sent three hogshead casks to Salisbury Square for me and mine. Most deeply do I sympathize
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with dear Mrs. Coleman and yourself in your present affliction. Doubtless you are enabled to exclaim, 'All is well.' The translation of our beloved ones should endear heaven to our souls. I feel myself, as it were, held between two worlds, with a bond of union between me and those I most love. My affection is divided between those who are still in the flesh, and those who have been removed from this vale of tears. In the removal of your venerable parent, I have lost a friend, whose correspondence I highly esteemed. But the time is short. We shall soon see those dear ones again. Death will soon lead us through the dark valley, and all will be duration, light, and love for ever. Thank you for your most cordial and kind invitation to visit England, and for your kind attention in opening a way for my so doing. Such a voyage I could not undertake for two reasons,--1st, I do not believe my constitutional health would sustain me to your beloved shores; 2d, I could not leave my missionary field without suffering from severe checks of conscience. The Lord has wonderfully provided for me. As I was not able to leave my dear invalid Serena, I was, through the kind intercession of my friends in the colony, enabled to prevail on Mrs. Anne Iselton, a widow, my now beloved wife, to come down to New Zealand, as a most eligible opportunity offered for her so doing, in company with Mr. Shepherd, who had been to the colony to visit his father. On the 18th of September we were married at Keri Keri; and I now feel myself again in possession of the best of wives. May I be enabled to receive all these mercies as from the hand of Heaven! She is everything which I said she was in my letter to you
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from Sydney, and much more. Thank you for your kind, persevering attention to our commissions. It would have given me an unspeakable pleasure to have seen you and dear Mrs. Coleman once more in the flesh. O with what delightful pleasure should I have attended you in your pastoral duties! But now, my dear, much loved, and highly esteemed friends, I can have no hope of ever again meeting you until we shall meet to part no more for ever. My missionary labours increase upon me. Hypocrites are beginning to show themselves to the disgrace of the cause of Christ. But while we have to lament over some, we have to rejoice that many are enabled to hold on their way. In some few piety is deepening, and true holiness is progressing. Kaikohe I visit once a fortnight, and sleep there in my new house. At Otava, which is a place upwards of twenty miles distant from Waimate, I have another house in preparation. I cannot sleep much in a tent now, as I am at times much afflicted with rheumatic pains, not only in the limbs, but in my stomach and bowels,--nature of course wears out. Pray that I may be made faithful and useful. David Tauranga has fallen into sin, which is a great grief to me; although I hope the gift of renewed repentance will be extended towards him. About sixteen months ago he lost his wife. Since then a female slave has had the care of his household. A few weeks ago it was found out that she was in the family way. They were married directly. But it has brought a great disgrace upon our infant church.
"We are very apprehensive respecting the result and effect which the Colonization Association may have on the
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poor natives, should they succeed in procuring their charter. We have just sat two days in committee on the subject, during which time the Government documents, and the different pamphlets which have come to hand on the subject, have been considered. From the knowledge thus acquired, and our local knowledge of the country and of the disposition of the natives, I do not hesitate to state, that a colony thus founded would not, according to all human probability, fail of ruining and ultimately destroying the native tribes. This must also be the case should the country remain in its present state, as it is, to all intents and purposes, colonized already. So that in either case I see nothing but destruction for the natives, unless the British Government should think proper to take up the subject in the way which has been suggested to them, viz., that of becoming to them a fostering power. Should Britain extend her guardian hand, and legislate for them, and at the same time maintain a sufficient constabulary force to carry laws into execution, I think this people will at length become an enlightened nation, whilst colonization, under almost any modification, will not fail to effect their destruction. The expense of such legislation and constabulary force I have no doubt could be defrayed by funds raised here. I feel anxious for the welfare of my people and adopted country. May the Lord deliver them from the hands of the oppressor.
"I hear but little of the proceedings of the Popish missionaries. They allow their hearers to work on the Sabbath after service is ended, or play, which they think proper. They have also told them that it was not right
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for them to read the Scriptures. I do not know whether they have proceeded to baptize or not.
"Please to give our united Christian love to Mrs. Coleman, and accept the same yourself from us all.--I remain, my dear sir, with much respect, very affectionately yours,
"WAIMATE, NEW ZEALAND,
April 14, 1839.
"MY DEAR SIR,--A fortnight ago the three casks came safely to hand. Thank the dear Ryde friends for us for their contents. May the Lord make us faithful stewards of these valuable donations, and may His holy name be glorified thereby! The natives are much indebted to their kind unknown friends for their unremitting kindnesses. I have just received letters from my people, who went a short time since to the East Cape as missionaries, requesting clothing. They will be supplied from these casks. Their account of the success of their labours is very pleasing. Large chapels have been erected, and several congregations collected. The East Cape is very populous. I hope the Lord will soon send a missionary there.
"Our mission wants greater zeal. By this conveyance I have written to Mr. Coates to urge the Society to send a bishop here--one wholly under the influence of the Spirit of Christ--one possessed of the spirit of primitive Christianity. EPISCOPAL SUPERINTENDENCE IS ABSOLUTELY NECESSARY. The Society could afford £500 a year, and a bishop of a proper spirit would require no more. Thrice
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have I pressed the subject on Mr. Coates. Our mission wants greater spirituality, and is not what it ought to be. On this account I have solicited Mr. Coates to have a bishop sent out possessing the qualifications essential to the episcopal office. God has added to the Church many natives. These require great attention and great care, for there are many adversaries. The Church of Rome has her bishop here. He is a very persevering man. Will not the Protestant Church supply this mission with a bishop? Some wicked natives, who have long rejected the counsel of God against their own souls, have been baptized at Hokianga by the Roman Catholic bishop, who is building a house at Waimate for the purpose of visiting them. Thus our infant church is invaded on the right hand and on the left, and requires the utmost vigilance. Last Sunday I preached on the subject, and set forth, to an attentive congregation, the glory and beauty of redemption, and the free and everlasting blessings therein covenanted to the believer.
"Kaikohe is a fertile district, the most fertile I have seen in New Zealand. Here the natives are growing wheat, and making progress. Here I purpose to build a mill exclusively for their use, and have written to Mr. Coates to send me out a pair of mill-stones, and to supply me with money to pay the millwright, and to pay for the stones, hangings, and other metal-work required. For this outlay I will be responsible until the natives shall repay the whole with wheat or flour. The natives will build the mill-house, dam, etc. They must be taken by the hand. Much can be done for them at little expense. Thus, by
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the grace of God, I am resolved to act in my own district, and shall bring down upon me the reproach of those who wish to buy their land. Man's censure can only last during life. This is not our rest. In this I am acting independently, and stand alone. I have consulted no one except Rev. W. Williams. He accorded with my views, and advised me to act on my sole responsibility. At Kaikohe I have a new, decent church preparing. In my district, materials are preparing for three chapels. At Tautoka, the chief, who has long halted between two opinions, has declared himself a believer in Jesus. This has caused much stir in his tribe. May it be genuine and permanent! James, in the course of the year, is about to be married to my dear Anne's second daughter. She is about his own age, and has received a good education. Please procure a Latin Bible for James. William is diligent in studying Greek. Coleman makes progress in classical learning. I hope the Lord is about to honour these children in His vineyard. With kind love to dear Mrs. Coleman, in which Mrs. Davis desires to unite,--I remain, my dear sir, affectionately and respectfully yours,
"WAIMATE, NEW ZEALAND,
July 2, 1839.
"MY DEAR SIR,--Two Romish priests are going to Tauranga, two to the Thames, and two remain at Tapeka. O Lord, give us grace to be up and doing!
"Had a large body of natives with me, and examined thirty candidates for baptism, and passed them on to Mr.
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Williams. They require much care and vigilant attention. Numbers are anxious to be baptized, but I fear their motives may not be sincere, and so they may not become partakers of the spiritual benefits resulting from a right participation of that sacred ordinance. This is a solemn duty to be engaged in.
"7th July.--Glory be to thy holy name, O Lord Most High! To-day 101 adults were admitted to baptism.
" 13th July.--Conversed with 193 natives on religion. This is the largest number I have ever had. The work of grace is, without doubt, progressing in the hearts of many, and God is extending His kingdom amongst them. Knowledge is increasing, and saving mercy is manifested by an unsparing hand to the poor natives.
"23d July.--Conversed with 160 natives. The Lord was, I trust, amongst us. The natives I sent to visit Tareha, the old chief, returned. They were well received by him. These natives, being slaves, were afraid to approach the sick chief without an invitation. They agreed to call to him from a distance, and, if he called them, to speak freely to him on the state of his soul. Should he bid them keep off, they should consider the door closed against them. They called, and asked permission to approach Tareha. He said, 'Come to me where I am.' They asked him if he would allow them to speak. He said, 'Say on.' One of them said, 'I come in the name of God, who made heaven and earth. I am not come to speak about your body, but the state of your soul. God gave His Son to die for sinners. The blood of Christ hath cleansed my sins, and will wash away your sins. The Holy Spirit will
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teach you. I am a sinner. You also are a sinner. Christ rejects none. Go to Him. He will save your soul, and your body too, which will rise again. Christ will raise the body. If you build a house, and it falls, it cannot rise again of itself. But if you work, you can put it together again. So God, who made you, when you die, will raise your body again.' Tareha told them not to leave him that night, but to sleep there, that he might hear more on this subject. They remained, and, from their well-known spirituality of mind, doubtless spoke faithfully and feelingly to him respecting his eternal salvation.
"Thank you for your letter just come to hand. It gives me pleasure to know you are so actively engaged in the service of our dear Master. I hope you will continue to write. Your letters cheer me.
"We have had a signal manifestation of the power of religion over the savage mind. Two months ago, a party of unbelieving natives went into Kaikohe to perform their accustomed ceremony of removing the bones of a relative who died in the summer. I felt very anxious for my people, lest they might fall from their steadfastness, and lapse into sin. This happened in a slight degree. Some joined in the dance when they first met, which caused remorse of conscience, and made them more jealous over themselves, and more bold, from hatred of sin, to speak to their friends on the one thing needful. The party on their return called on me. I was much struck with their conversation. The leading men went to Kaikohe bound with the chains of superstition to perform a superstitious act. They returned fulfilled with a desire for better things. They made a
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great stir among their unbelieving friends, in consequence of which many have embraced Christianity. How far it may prove the work of the Spirit time will show. Soon after their return an aggravated murder was committed on a girl belonging to the Kaikohe party, they had so lately visited. When this murder was known to some at Kaikohe who had not received Christianity in the love of it, the old spirit of revenge was stirred up. Even this was overruled for good, as the power and spirit of Christianity were by this circumstance manifested. To have allowed the murder to pass without notice would have been sinful. But how to take up the cause without war was the difficulty. They came in a body, strongly armed, to Waimate to see their friends (the murderer having fled), to make peace with them, and (to use their own expression) to make the surface of the country peaceful. They arrived on one of the days appointed for my meeting the Christian natives. The natives and myself met them in a body. We despatched a messenger to the party whom they were going to visit. The chiefs of the party soon arrived, and the meeting of the two was most gratifying. The speeches evidenced the most complete triumph of the Gospel of a public nature I ever witnessed. In former times all would have been wild confusion in the army, all pigs found would have been killed and taken away, and all store-houses broken open and plundered amidst musket-firing and dancing. All was now ordered with discretion. They proceeded quietly to the place. Not a gun was fired. Not an angry word was spoken. The voice was not heard in the dance, but in the evening the voice of prayer and
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praise was heard throughout the camp. You will rejoice with me in this victory of the cross. The army was almost exclusively composed of my own natives. I told Mr. Williams, who was present, that such a scene of peace and good-will was an ample reward for all our past toil. With kind love to Mrs. Coleman, in which my family join,--I remain, my dear sir, respectfully and affectionately yours,
"WAIMATE, NEW ZEALAND,
8th January 1840.
"MY DEAR SIR,--Popery seems to increase greatly. Here the bishop and his priests manifest a zeal worthy of a better cause, the former more especially. They are forming stations in different parts of the island, and are beginning to employ native agency to disseminate their pernicious tenets.
"The work of the Redeemer still progresses. My time is almost solely engrossed by the natives. Great progress is making at the East Cape, and the Lord there blesses the labours of the native teachers whom we have sent. Rev. W. Williams finally left for that district with his family last week. In him I have lost a valued friend and companion, but he is zealously engaged in his Master's work, and will be a blessing to the country where he resides. We have not had a baptism since July, when 101 adults were baptized, until last Sunday, when twelve adults were baptized. On the 26th of this month baptism will be administered to a large number of adults. The whole of Tuesday I spent with my catechumens. I meet
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them twice a week as usual. They increase in number and interest.
"About eleven weeks ago Mr. Williams went to Cook's Strait to establish Mr. Hadfield there. "We have received most satisfactory letters both from Mr. Williams and from some natives who went from me to Port Nicholson. The Lord is manifesting His grace among these people. The account given by one of the gentlemen of the 'Tory' is most pleasing. He reports that they landed at the Port on the Sabbath, and expected to have been received by the natives with a dance. They were met quietly on the beach by a deputation of natives, and were conducted into the Pa, where they sat down until divine service was concluded, which was conducted with great decorum by a native, the congregation amounting to 700. This gentleman confessed that he was not a religious character, but that he was surprised to witness the favourable alteration in the country in the short space of four years since he had travelled through the district. It is solely God's work. The means used have been weak and feeble. Hence it redounds the more to the glory of the riches of His grace in Christ Jesus.
"It is absolutely essential, that the Church Missionary Society should send a bishop to New Zealand. There is even now sufficient duty to occupy all his time. In fact, if we are to continue without episcopal superintendence, in what are we better than dissenters? But such a bishop is wanted as is described by St. Paul. I have written to Salisbury Square repeatedly on the subject, and shall continue so to write.
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"This country is being colonized very rapidly. Twenty-three town allotments in Victoria realized £852. At Kororarika also allotments sell very high. At a late sale about £2000 were realized. A small weather-board building, inclusive of site, is worth from £600 to £700. For one house of large dimensions, but built entirely of timber, the sum of £1250 was refused. Stores and shops are opened at Kororarika, and goods are sold at Sydney prices. Here the Romish bishop has fixed his head-quarters. From hence as from a centre the Jesuitical leaven of Popish superstition is working, and will emanate to all parts of this distracted country. But the Lord Omnipotent reigneth. May we be ready for every event! May we be prepared to lay down our lives in God's cause! With the natives it is my desire to stand or fall. This country without them would be to me a desolate wilderness.
"At Kaitaia good is doing, but the missionaries are surrounded by the emissaries of Popery, and are much troubled by land-buyers. What is done by the church missionaries may be considered effectually done. None are baptized until the fruits of the Spirit are to human judgment discernible. I hope soon to send you the goodly number baptized in this district. Of these a few have brought dishonour on the name of Christ. Many having been washed in the blood of the Lamb, have passed into the heavens, where they are now praising their Redeemer in the highest strains. A large number yet tabernacle with us in their houses of clay waiting their appointed time.
"The older I get the more I have to attend to. Could I give up myself exclusively to missionary work, it would
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relieve me in my declining years. I am not old, but I feel worn. Pray for me, my dearest and oldest friend. I feel my weakness. In much temptation hitherto the Lord hath preserved me. This is a great mercy. I have commenced the year. I may never see its close. May the language of my soul be: 'Come, Lord Jesus, come quickly!' Yes, my beloved friends, we shall soon meet to part no more. We shall be with them who are only gone a little before us. With our Christian love to dear Mrs. Coleman, and all our dear unknown friends,--I remain, my dear sir, respectfully and affectionately yours in the best bonds,
"WAIMATE, NEW ZEALAND,
5th February 1840.
"MY DEAR SIR,--The power of the glorious Gospel wings its way through the length and breadth of this land. The glad tidings of peace and salvation are now proclaimed from the North Cape to Cook's Strait. Mr. Williams returned overland from Cook's Strait to Tauranga in the Bay of Plenty. The reception he everywhere met with is most interesting. There was scarcely a place or tribe where the Word of God was not partially known, and divine worship instituted. The demand for books was very great. A single leaf of the Bible is highly valued. Please to write to Salisbury Square to urge the printing of 10,000 copies of the New Testament. For this number we have applied. Our press here is fully occupied. A large edition of the Prayer-book, and of elementary books, is printing. But more hands are required to render the
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press fully efficient. The work of salvation is proceeding amidst calumny and reproach. Sunday week 102 adults were baptized at Waimate, of many of whom I have a good hope. On the following day many children were baptized, and twenty couples of the newly baptized were married. In about three weeks we expect another baptism.
"8th February.--Last Tuesday week Captain Hobson arrived in the bay. 30th January the Queen was proclaimed at Kororarika, and Captain Hobson as her Lieutenant-Governor over such territories as should be ceded to the Queen of England. On the 31st the Governor was to visit Waimate on his way to Hokianga, but illness prevented. The 6th instant was the appointed time for the chiefs to sign the treaty presented to them by the Governor. The chiefs from Kororarika, especially those professing Popery, appeared determined to retain their independency. I arrived with a party of chiefs from the interior who advocated the treaty, and invited the Governor. (See this Treaty of Waitangi in Appendix III.) The followers of Popery refused to sign, having, they said, been told by the Romish bishop, that if they signed they would in a short time become slaves to the white people. The Governor announced that the Government here promised to protect the religion of the Established Church, that of the Wesleyans, that of Rome, and also that of the natives, i.e., their original customs. N.B.--Of these customs the natives think little. In fact, generally, they view them with abhorrence. The treaty preserves to the Maoris all their landed possessions, with the privilege of selling or not selling their land, with this proviso, that if they sell, they
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must sell to Government--a necessary restriction, to guard the natives from imposition.
"Please to give our very kind Christian regards to Mrs. Coleman,--and believe me to remain, yours affectionately and respectfully,
"KAIKOHE, NEW ZEALAND,
February 13, 1840.
"MY DEAR SIR,--It is many years since we first became acquainted with each other. During this period I am not aware of ever having taken any step of importance without first making you acquainted therewith, and in some measure or other consulting you. Now, I just write a hasty line to inform you that I have this day written to Salisbury Square to offer myself for ordination. This I should not have done at this time, had I not heard that the clerical brethren had some time ago, unknown to me, recommended the step. My time for a long period has been pretty much employed in ministerial duties,--such as marrying, burying, preaching, etc. etc. But, as members of the Established Church, due caution will now be necessary, as we shall have many eyes upon us.
"I am also informed the Bishop of Australia is not likely to be averse to the ordination of some of the elder catechists, but inclined to favour such a measure.
"It is my wish to view the subject in all its bearings in a most serious light. It is my desire to lie low before the throne, and to humble myself before my God on the occasion. I feel fearful lest I may tread on forbidden ground. I know and feel my sinfulness, my unworthiness. I know
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if ever I am saved myself, I shall indeed be a monument of stupendous grace. I hope I have not done wrong in having thus offered myself for ordination. Would I could have consulted you more than I have done on the subject. The Lord, who has so often appeared for me, will, I trust, direct my steps. His presence lights up the rough, dark, and doubtful valley, and removes from uncertainty all unnecessary care. I have just been reading 'Harvey's Memoirs.' O how sweet to my taste are those holy and heavenly doctrines! How brightly shone redeeming love in that saint of eminence! How happy he must have been on earth! And now, how blessed, no tongue can tell. Owen, Harvey, and Whitefield are my favourite authors. Modern divinity is, in too many instances, of a very poor texture, and is not calculated to fill the soul with marrow and fatness. Until we hear more such doctrine advanced in the church as that contained in the above-mentioned authors, we shall not see better days. Should you ever fall in with an old copy of Owen on the Hebrews, I should be glad to buy it. I may not live to read it much, but it may prove a legacy to my children. My former constitutional strength will never be restored. William is, I trust, truly pious. I wished him to take charge of the Society's farm, but the Lord hath a higher and more noble work for him. He is now studying for the ministry, in connexion with his duties on the farm. I would most gladly give him all his time, but at present I cannot afford it.
"I came here yesterday under rather exciting circumstances. On Monday I received a letter from the chiefs,
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to inform me the Hokianga people had sold a large tract of country, in which was included some of their landed possessions: that they were determined to oppose it; and as they can only do so by force of arms, I felt apprehensive of consequences. I found them actively engaged repairing their fortification, while fifty men were sent out to oppose the party of sixty people, who were supposed to be employed marking boundaries. In the evening the armed party returned, not having seen the other party, but they had demolished all the landmarks. Much as I was distressed on account of the state of affairs, yet I saw nothing to blame them for. The general spirit manifested on the occasion was that of a work of grace on the heart. I addressed them from these words:--'Cast all your care upon Him,' etc. etc. O glorious triumph of Divine grace! The voice of the angry, revengeful savage was no longer heard denouncing destruction in its most horrid form on his fellow-man, but calm discussion took the place of high resentment and indignant insult. They were willing part of the property should go in order to peace, but not all. And from what was advanced, it would appear the other party did not wish to press the matter. I trust no blood will be shed on the occasion.
"To-day I have conversed with many members of this congregation, and cannot for a moment doubt but they are growing in grace and ripening for glory. O that my heart were more in this great work, and that I were more faithful to my trust!
"On Monday the Governor came to Waimate. Yesterday he passed on to Hokianga. I tremble much for the
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natives. Much is to be apprehended. They will indeed require all our care. They are children in every sense of the word. They are oxen unaccustomed to the yoke. Immediately after their return from Hokianga the vessel sails round the island. Mr. Williams accompanies them. It is expected the Governor will have some opposition.
"I visited a sick man last night, and have visited him again to-day. His experience and state rejoice my heart. I found him much bowed down from a sense of sin. He appeared to be full of thought. But when I spoke to him of Christ his countenance changed. This morning I found him in better spirits. His time will not be long. His days of mourning will soon be ended. Blessed Gospel! What an effect it has on the soul; yea, on the whole person! To God be all the glory. God has been wonderful in goodness to this tribe. Of all others they were a people most to be feared. Their history, if recorded, would report little else but war in all its savage forms,-- rapine, murder, and desolation. A remark was made yesterday by an elderly native to this effect:--'Since this tribe has embraced the Gospel, the surrounding tribes have been enabled to eat the food of their own growing, and to reap the benefit of their own labours. Previously this was not the case. They were then the terror of the country.' Latterly their neighbours have, in some instances, taken advantage of the power of the Gospel over their minds. This is the case with the land in question. But they are now roused, and are taking these present steps in order that their neighbours may see that they are determined to preserve their rights,--that they will not be imposed on.
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"It is now night, and they are still at work; they say it will be the first finished fortification the tribe ever possessed. It was commenced some years ago, but not finished.
"17th.--Yesterday 203 native communicants partook of the sacred ordinance in our new church. A hundred of the newly baptized were present who did not partake.
"The Governor was opposed at Hokianga by some of the natives, who were doubtless instigated thereto by the whites. With kind regards to Mrs. Coleman.--I remain, my dear sir, respectfully and affectionately yours,
"WAIMATE, March 13, 1840.
"MY DEAR SIR,--After so long a period it was cheering to me on the 7th instant to receive a letter with your well-known direction. I do not like the idea of outliving the friendship of my friends. Perhaps some of our letters are lost.
"Our post as missionaries is now one of much importance and anxiety. It is the wish of the Society, that we should render the Lieut.-Govemor all the assistance in our power, compatible with our missionary character. The natives are much perplexed to know what is coming upon them. At present the Governor is rather poorly. He is now staying with us to get a little quiet, and I hope soon to see him again enabled to resume his duties.
"April 21.--Since I commenced this letter, rapid changes have passed before us. Much excitement has taken place amongst the natives, in consequence of reports spread
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amongst them by evil-minded Europeans. They have represented us as having only come amongst them to prepare the way for Government to come and take the country with greater ease,--these reports have emanated principally from Papists. At present we are pretty quiet. But we may expect even now a reaction, as many agitators are abroad.
"Popery is making progress here, and will do so. The! golden age of this mission seems to have passed away. Stiff formality has been introduced amongst us in place of simple Christianity. Would that the Church Missionary Society only knew, that stiff formalities, apart from humble spiritual-mindedness, will only tend to overthrow their mission in this country. My soul has often rejoiced in the prospect of the final success of this mission. But clouds and darkness are now hanging around our horizon, and the light is obscured. There is no religious system so scriptural, so sound, and so spiritual, as that of the Established Church. I love her doctrines, I love her discipline. How truly scriptural are her articles, her prayers, and her homilies! But, alas! how much her beautiful garments are sullied when they are worn by THE FORMALIST.
"Mr. Clarke has accepted an appointment under Government. This I think he would have done with much reluctance, had it not been for our blighted prospects. The situation he holds under his Sovereign is of vital importance to the natives. And the step he has taken will doubtless meet the most hearty sanction of the Society. He holds the situation of principal Chief Protector. He will have to purchase all lands from the natives for the
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Crown. He is to see that the natives are not unjustly dealt with by Europeans. He is to go amongst them with full authority to settle all their little differences, etc. etc. In short, he will be still as much in missionary work as he has ever been, and will be beyond the reach of STIFF FORMALITY. I much lament the loss of this friend and brother. Ever since the formation of this settlement we have lived together without an unpleasant feeling.
"To-day I have met a very large party of natives for religious instruction. The work of grace is progressing, and I should still hope for better things, were it not for local circumstances. Let me entreat an interest in your prayers, and in the prayers of all your friends. I know, I feel, my dear sir, that I am a poor sinner, and utterly unworthy to do anything for Christ. But woe be to me if I preach not the Gospel. Give me freely your advice. I need it much. I have much to do, but this I rejoice in, that the office of secretary now devolves upon me.
"The Lieutenant-Governor left us a few days ago. His health was much improved. He is a sensible, honest man, and has at least two good-principled, pious men in his suite. Mr. Clarke will make a third. One is the police magistrate, the other the doctor. The stay of the Governor at our house has brought me into close contact with all the Government officers, and I cannot but view them all with much pleasure, as being gentlemen of high principle and sound judgment. With my very kind regards to dear Mrs. Coleman,--I remain, my dear sir, respectfully and affectionately yours,
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"WAIMATE, NEW ZEALAND,
May 15, 1840.
"MY DEAR SIR,--Thanks to you and our unknown kind friends for the cask of valuable clothing which came to hand last week. Some part of your bounty has been already distributed, and parcels are about to be made up to go to the south as a supply for the native missionaries, who are labouring successfully there in their Master's cause. They have left this climate for a colder one, and an extra supply of clothing is expedient. The accounts we continue to hear from those teachers are of a most satisfactory nature. There is doubtless some error mixed up with their proceedings. But their simple faith may often put the experienced Christian to the blush.
"God continues to deal very graciously with the natives. Latterly, we have some instances of the power of faith exemplified in the dying hour. One man died praising God to his latest breath. I saw him a few days previously, and asked him how he felt. 'Glorious salvation!' was his answer. On Tuesday last I had upwards of 200 people at my conversational meeting. But never was there so much cause of watchfulness as at present. We are surrounded by enemies on every side. We have much to apprehend from Popery. An active ministry is necessary.
"May 26.--On Sunday week about 180 natives received the holy Sacrament in our new church, which was well filled on the occasion. Last Sunday 155 adults were admitted to baptism in the new church. The congregation, I think, was the largest we have ever had. I
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addressed them from Col. iii. 12-17. Yesterday fifty children were baptized and twenty-eight couples married. This year has produced an abundant harvest of immortal souls. By the end of June, which closes our year, we shall, I trust, have admitted within the year, by the holy sacrament of baptism, not less than 400 adults into the visible church of Christ.
"Since Saturday week I have been closely and undividedly engaged with the communicants and candidates for baptism, or I should have closed my letter for the post earlier.
"We are, through mercy, all pretty well in health. My son James, I have the pleasure to inform you, was married to Mrs. Davis' daughter on the 2d of March last. They are at present living with us, but will soon go to their farm. My dear Serena is better in health at this time than she has been for many years. Jane has grown a fine girl, and is likely, in proper time, to be united to Mr. Williams' eldest son. William is pursuing his studies, and in him, I trust, some ability will be united with sterling piety. Mr. Taylor has, I believe, written to apprise the Bishop of him. Coleman is yet in the school. He possesses talent. The Lord will, I trust, direct him. I now and then continue to receive copies of the Record paper. Thank you, my dear sir, for these. I prize them much. Without them, I should know nothing of what is going on in England. Begging our kind regards to Mrs. Coleman,--I remain, my dear sir, affectionately and respectfully yours,
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"WAIMATE, NEW ZEALAND,
Feb. 12, 1841.
"MY DEAR SIR,--Thank you for continuing to send me some copies of the Record paper. It affords me much pleasure to peruse them. From them I learn the political state of nations, and the general progress of the Church of Christ in her wilderness journey to the heavenly country.
"On the 20th November 1840, was evinced the truth of the prophecy: 'Thou hast ascended, most glorious Saviour, upon high; Thou hast led captivity captive, and received gifts for men.' On this Sabbath 381 natives partook of the sacred ordinance. O Lord, sanctify, purify, and make holy Thy Church, that, being as a city set on a hill, she may show forth and reflect with heavenly splendour Thy glory! On the Sunday following 101 adults were admitted to baptism. I addressed them from Hebrews xii. 22, 23. The congregation was very large, the church quite full, and many were standing on the outside. O Lord my God, baptize me, a poor sinner, with Thy Holy Spirit!
"The accounts which I continue to hear from our natives, who are labouring in the missionary field at the south, are of a nature to call forth much gratitude and thankfulness to God for having so blessed the day of small things.
"Doubtless you may recollect, that I told you frequently, that I expected that there would be a harvest of souls gathered into the visible fold of Christ. A friend, some time ago, in speaking of the manner in which God had been pleased to bless the mission during the period the missionaries were lying under the merciless lash of all parties, observed, 'I fear even the abundant success thus given to
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the Church will be misconstrued.' I replied, 'I feel my responsibility to a higher power than that of fallible man.' Yes, my dear friend, the Lord in the conversion of souls only does His own work. He, by the instrumentality of preaching gathers His elect children, and brings them to the fold of Christ, where He reveals Himself to them. The Holy Spirit continues to carry on the work in preparing them for His kingdom of heaven. Too much praise is, in our day, rendered by the Christian public to the poor, weak, sinful instrument whom Christ employs to make known His purposes of grace to His redeemed ones. Although God generally calls by His grace, and sends out generally from the elect, preachers of His word, yet I cannot for a moment doubt that many souls, now forming part of His Church triumphant, were called through the instrumentality of those who may be shut up now in hell.
"11th March.--Ruaiti has been delivered from the miseries of this sinful world. He took leave of his friends, and told them that he was going to a place of light, joy, and love, and to leave this dark world for ever. He did not appear to be in ecstasy, but he prayed much. His last words were: 'Spare me, O Jehovah; take me, O Jehovah!'
"Sunday, 14th March.--376 communicants were present at the native sacrament this day.
"Amongst the natives there is much jealous excitement. I am fearful of consequences. Another year may reveal more clearly the purposes of God towards this country.-- With kind regards to Mrs. Coleman, I remain, my dear sir, respectfully and sincerely yours,
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"WAIMATE, BAY OF ISLANDS,
May 3, 1841.
"MY DEAR SIR,--Your letter of 22d September 1840 came safely to hand about six weeks ago. I should not have let it remain so long unanswered, had I not expected to receive the goods which were therein announced. The goods, however, are not come, but I will write again when they arrive.
"Thank you, dearly beloved friends, for having again remembered us. May you be indeed rewarded from above! The clothing you have sent from time to time has been of great service. It hath clothed many who must otherwise have been much exposed. I fully believe that many children have been saved through your instrumentality, in thus furnishing clothes for their reception when brought into the world. I, however, agree with you, that the colonization of this country has produced a supply of all necessary clothing, and the price which the natives get for their produce places clothes within their reach. The benefit bestowed upon this country by the introduction of European clothing is very great. A savage is naturally immodest. He cannot be otherwise. My mind revolts at the disgusting scenes which for years we were obliged to witness. How changed the scene! Native obscenity is now, with a very few exceptions, done away with. They all like clothing, and will get it if they can. Our Sunday congregations make a very respectable appearance. The introduction of clothing has begotten modesty. I make use of the term begotten, because I believe that such a feeling scarcely existed amongst themselves previously to
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our arrival in the island, and the influence of this handmaid of virtue is gaining ground amongst them.
"The Lord still continues to be gracious unto us and to our people. Much, very much pastoral care is necessary, particularly at this time, in which the natives are passing from a state of savage barbarism to that of civilisation, and in which the Man of Sin is stalking abroad in open day, with all the effrontery imaginable, towards us, and all the wily insinuation possible towards the natives. Little did I ever expect to be brought thus into contact with Popery in this country. We have lately had to mourn over several, who appeared at one time likely to be our joy and crown of rejoicing, who have fallen into sin. Their besetting sins are fornication and adultery. The old system of refusing marriage to the slaves is rapidly disappearing; but some remains still exist, and are a too fruitful source of evil. These cases, when they occur, are very distressing. We and our people are held up to view to angels and men. If our natives fall into sin, the mouths of those who are watching for our halting are opened against us. This circumstance makes the falls of our people doubly painful. The honour of our Divine Master in His cause is a sensitive part of the Christian principle. On Saturday the 1st inst. my soul was much weighed down by the circumstances just alluded to. But yesterday my Sunday duties revived me, which were, first of all, in the morning to preach to a large congregation in our new church. My subject was the New Birth--its necessity, its nature, and its effects, concluding with the miserable state of those who were not made partakers thereof. The Lord enabled
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me to speak seriously and feelingly, and I trust a holy influence was amongst us. At the close of the service my horse was at the church door, when I visited two other of my congregations. At Mawe I examined the reading class in the 4th chapter of 1st John, and preached to them also on the New Birth. Here also, I trust, a holy influence was present. An English service with my family closed the duties of the holy day.
"We have not yet felt much of the evil generally attendant on civilisation in our immediate neighbourhood; but we have much reason to tremble for the consequences thereof, which we cannot but have in prospect. But here it is our privilege to fall back on the sovereignty of our God, looking to Him continually and steadfastly for direction, and proceeding fearlessly in our duty.
"I have written to the Bishop of Australia to inquire what he will be likely to expect from me in the way of examination, should I have been nominated to him by the Society. I am now expecting an answer from his lordship. In my next letter, I trust I shall be able to inform you of the nature of my prospects. Should my ordination be for the glory of God and for the good of souls, I pray that it may be brought about, but not otherwise. The responsibility of my missionary duties at times weighs me down, and makes me wish to retire to a desert, or to the bosom of the Church as a private Christian. But this I dare not do. Woe to me, if I preach not the Gospel!
"4th May.--At the close of a busy day I sit down to close my letter to you by candle-light. Tuesdays I have set apart to meet my people. To-day I have had a large
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party, not less than 200 present. First, I examined a party of about eighty, which stood up in class, in the Ten Commandments. This occupied nearly two hours. Then I heard seventy-six natives read, and examined them in the 4th chapter of St. John's Gospel. This occupied me nearly two hours. Afterwards I gave a few natives an insight into the rotundity of the globe, and got my dinner. After dinner I gave away a few tracts, and went to my secretarial duties for a short time, but with continual interruption, which makes the work tiresome. William was also engaged with the natives, holding conversation with the most ignorant of them on the subject of religion. To-morrow it is my intention to go out to visit some of the more-distant congregations before the winter sets in. I have much to do; but, under God, I believe I owe my existence to it as a useful member of society. A monotonous and sedentary life would soon render me useless.
"In regard to the sanctity of the Sabbath, I believe the more of the spirit of holiness we possess, in equal proportion shall we desire to hallow that sacred day. Alas! we know too little of the nature and blessedness of the Sabbath! It is the oldest ordinance we have. It was instituted in Paradise; and no doubt was instituted so to extend its blessedness as to exalt the happiness of that blissful state. And if it were a blessing to the people of God then, it is a blessing to them now. If the Church required it in that blissful state, surely she requires it more especially now, inasmuch as she is in a wilderness state. The day of the Lord is doubtless at hand. I shall feel much pleasure, I trust, in reading Mr. Bickersteth's work
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on Prophecy. He is a good man. He lives in the hearts of our Society's elder missionaries. We missed him much when he first resigned his office in Salisbury Square. While Mr. Jowett was in office, his communications were of a kindred spirit; but now, we understand, he has resigned his office.
"At Mawe I have met with an instance of the power of simple saving faith in an old chief, who had been baptized years ago, not of much note here, but one of Christ's mystical body. I asked him, 'What most engrossed his mind and desire?' He replied, 'My faith in Christ.' I discoursed on the nature and power of faith. He remarked: 'My faith is the house built upon a rock; and my mind is filled with the exhortation, "Set your affection on things above, not on things on the earth, that when Christ, who is our life, shall appear, we may also appear with Him in glory."' This saint of God, near to death, lay in a small hut, in the centre of which hung, suspended from the low roof, his iron pot, boiling over the fire, wherein was his humble meal, potatoes, which he ate with contentment and thankfulness, enjoying the luxury of simple saving faith, soon to be swallowed up in fruition.
"I received a letter from Charles Taurua, informing me of the death of his eldest daughter. 'My father Davis, my daughter has fallen asleep, and is removed to the presence of God. She has left this world, and gone to her own place. It is good. God gave, and God has taken away.'
"10th July.--Met 250 natives, who came to me for religious discourse and instruction.
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"The all-wise God has laid His afflicting hand on my dear boy, John Noble Coleman Davis. For some time he has been afflicted with epileptic fits. Latterly his constitution seems affected. May the Lord enable me to bow to His sovereign will!--I remain, my dear sir, sincerely and affectionately yours,
"WAIMATE, July 29, 1841.
"MY DEAR SIR,--Your letter of December 10, 1840, came to hand about three weeks ago. It was refreshing to me again to hear from you. We received the two casks and the case safe on the 22d instant. May the Lord reward you a hundred-fold, you and the dear unknown friends who have thus manifested their kindness to our poor natives! And may He make us faithful in the distribution! Although we are to receive no more clothing (you will have received my opinion in a former letter on this point), yet, I trust you and your dear friends will continue to bear us on your bosoms before the Lord. Please to say everything that is thankful, good, and kind to those dear unknown friends, who have so long contributed to your casks of presents.
"The Lord, on the 20th instant, took unto Himself my dearly beloved boy Coleman. In my last I mentioned to you that he was poorly. The disease by which he was removed was rapid consumption. We rather expected he would have rallied again. But the decree was gone forth that he should be numbered with the dead. As his removal was rather earlier than was anticipated, I have felt the stroke very much. But the Lord has not only sup-
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ported, but comforted me. He has cheered me with such views of my interest in His everlasting love as I never had before. But nature will feel. The tie between a parent and child cannot be broken without a wound of no common nature. And more especially in this case, as my dear Coleman was of a sweet disposition, and from a child had been remarkable for his candour and honest simplicity of principle. He was never known to tell a falsehood. Study was his delight, but in his advances he had to labour hard. About three years ago, he had a great desire to get the first prize in his class in which he was a junior. In order to attain this object he laboured night and day. His anxiety until after the examination was past was considerable. But he obtained the desires of his heart with much commendation, and subsequently to that period he kept his place in the school. But, alas! this emulation appears to have produced a nervous excitement in his constitution which produced epilepsy. As his constitution appeared strong, and the attacks slight, and not more frequent than once a month, it was the opinion of all he would outgrow them. But I must, my dearest friend, stop my pen from running further into this subject, upon which an affectionate parent cannot but delight to dwell. It was always my wish to see my children well educated. In this dear boy I thought I saw my greatest wishes realized, more particularly as he had his eye fixed on the ministry. This I did not hear immediately from him, until about three weeks before his death, when there was a probability of his recovery. Dear child, he had it in his heart. But he is gone. There was hope in his death.
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He appears to have had a hopeful trust in Christ, with a hearty desire to have the whole body of sin destroyed within him. I mourn his loss. 'I shall go to him, but he will not return to me.' 'The Lord gave, and the Lord hath taken away; blessed be the name of the Lord.'
"The simple faith of the poor natives is a great comfort to me. The Lord has, I believe, much people amongst them. On this subject I hope to write more at length before long, as I know it will cheer your heart, as it does mine.
"And now, my dear sir, I want to beg a favour of you. As I know not how soon I may be removed from my beloved children, and as the salvation of their souls is all my desire, I wish to bequeath them each a present of inestimable value, a Bible to each. In order to render this present more permanent and valuable, I wish to give them each a copy of the best royal octavo edition, very strongly bound in Russia. And as I wish to make my dear wife a present of the same kind, ten copies will be required to enable me to accomplish the wishes of my heart. In addition to which, please to add a copy of Bagster's Comprehensive Bible, quarto, bound very strong in Russia. This I want for my own use. I should like to have them packed most carefully in a tin case, closely soldered down. My dear wife and children desire their kind regards to Mrs. Coleman and yourself. In my present partner I have the best of wives, and my dear children have the best of mothers.
"Sunday, 26th December.--Congregation too large for the church. Held service in the churchyard, after service
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adjourned to the church, when 487 natives received the sacrament.
"You do not say a word about Mrs. Coleman. You know how much I loved and respected her once. This love and respect has never abated.--I remain, my dear sir, sincerely and respectfully yours,
"WAIMATE, December 31, 1841.
"MY DEAR SIR,--Another year has passed away. A year in which we have been the recipients of many mercies, a year in which I have been visited with the afflictive dispensation of an all-wise Providence, although I doubt not but even this is among the all things which are made to work together for our good. I see my number decreased, and nature feels, but does not rebel.
"We have latterly been thrown into a considerable state of excitement and alarm in consequence of a horrid murder which was committed in the Bay of Islands on the 20th of last month by a single native, a young man of high rank, on the bodies of the widow of the late Captain Robertson, her two children, servant-man, and a half-caste of note, five in all. The villain, quite a youth, took the opportunity of murdering the servant-man while he was lying asleep in the garden with an axe, chopping his head in the most frightful manner. He then went into the house and told the poor widow what he had done, and that he was about to kill her. She burst into tears, and he knocked her on the head. The wretch then killed the two children. A little boy, about five years of age, escaped out of the house, but the wretch, after having consummated
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the murders within, followed the dear boy, caught him, and then threw him down a fearful precipice, where he was dashed to pieces on the rocks below. The murderer then set the house on fire, taking away a few articles of property with him, which have since been identified, and decamped.
"The house was situated on an island. The murderer was speedily found out, and the natives were induced to give him up. He could give no reason why he committed the rash act, but merely that he had quarrelled with the servant. The wretch had engaged himself to work for Mrs. Robertson. After he had been given up, fully committed, and removed to Auckland for trial, there was a considerable reaction amongst the natives, and many threats of an alarming tendency were held out against the white people, particularly against us missionaries, on account of the part Mr. Clark was said to have taken in order to induce the natives to give up the murderer quietly. In the Bay the inhabitants put themselves under the protection of a French frigate; the captain very kindly remained until he was relieved by the 'Favourite' sloop-of-war. At this settlement the white people were much alarmed. The Christian natives in the vicinity behaved well, and were ready to afford protection. They convened a meeting to assure us of their readiness to die with us, should an attack be made. Thus are we surrounded with danger of a more alarming nature than has ever been known to exist since we have been in the country. But He who has supported us under former trials, and delivered us from former dangers, will also, if He sees it best, deliver, us
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now. The disaffected party live within three miles of us, and their threats are of a terrifying nature. Should any thing serious occur, it is my intention to send my family to the Bay, and wait the result.
"I fear the colonization of this country, through the discontent of the colonists with the measures of Government, will he productive of disastrous consequences. The poor natives are in much danger from them on every point. They agitate and irritate them against the measures of Government. They endeavour to make use of them in every possible way, so as to accomplish their objects of keeping possession of their lands, and possessing property. The Governor, and the Government generally, are well affected towards them; this is a great mercy, as I hope it is an earnest of future protection.
"I fear religion at this time is not in that progressive state it was some months ago, but still there are some who are pressing on to perfection. We have some reason to expect a shaking. May it have its due effect on the dry bones.--With kind regards to dear Mrs. Coleman, I remain, my dear sir, sincerely and affectionately yours,
"WAIMATE, BAY OF ISLANDS,
April 30, 1842.
"MY DEAR SIR,--When I last wrote things were in a very uncertain, yea, a threatening position. But now peace is once more shining upon us, and our little parties are, I hope, again progressing towards the heavenly country. The murderer has been executed, and although some wicked
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agitators made some effort to raise a quarrel, yet it has been overruled. On the 13th instant, the father of the murderer met the Christian natives at our house, in order to come to a good understanding with them, so graciously have we been dealt with. The colonists are, as usual, in a discontented state, and are now petitioning Her Majesty against the Governor, and against his measures.
"You will rejoice to hear that Popery is apparently waning amongst us. However, aware of its insidious stratagems, we are doing what we can to store the minds of the native Christians with scriptural knowledge, in order that they may be prepared to meet the wily foe with the two-edged sword of the Spirit. This work I find both pleasant and profitable. As my colleague is not acquainted with the native language sufficiently so as to address them but through an interpreter, the duty in our new church devolves upon me. Here I have a large, steady congregation, and a good Sunday school, in which is a large Bible class, consisting sometimes of eighty people. It is impossible to convey to your mind the pleasing and good-humoured vivacity, which is displayed by the intelligent natives when under examination in the Scriptures. This school is beneficial to our immediate neighbourhood, and also to the more distant Maoris. The Christian natives come from the more distant congregations to attend it, and carry home with them knowledge of both our plan and progress. My week-day meetings at Waimate are become large and unwieldy. I endeavoured to divide the people, but it was without effect, so that they came altogether as usual, and my son William generally assists me. In these meetings
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my Bible class is much larger than on Sundays, and, as members of the different congregations are combined, emulation is excited. Those who cannot read are conversed with on the subject of religion, as it regards its operation in their hearts. Among the latter much consummate ignorance is displayed; but as this ignorance is combined with much apparent earnestness, to teach them is a pleasing task. In their class there is also much improvement. On Sundays their appearance is very decent; shoes and stockings are increasingly exhibited. A few Sundays ago I counted upwards of thirty people in my congregation with shoes on. But there is still a backwardness to build better houses, and still an adherence to their old system of cultivation and fencing. The latter is an evil which must soon remedy itself as cattle increase amongst them.
"I feel my love for the natives, and my desire to do them good increasing. But how that will ultimately be accomplished is at times with me a question, as I do not suppose, when church discipline shall be brought to bear on the mission, that I can be allowed so much latitude as I now possess. But the Lord who has kept me in all my ways will keep me also in this. The prospects of the colony are very gloomy, and the gloom is increasing. This is occasioned by the complaints of the colonists against the measures of Government. The agitation is increasing, and our lives may be still endangered thereby, from our having persuaded the natives to sign the treaty. I have this moment seen a paper, from the contents of which this last clause has suggested itself to my mind.
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"22d June.--Accompanied the bishop round the settlement. He had evening service. I am thankful we have such a man among us. He will be a blessing.--With kind regards to dear Mrs. Coleman, I remain, my dear sir, respectfully yours,
"WAIMATE, BAY OF ISLANDS,
July 9, 1842.
"MY DEAR SIR,--Thank you for your letter of November 20, 1841. I am glad to hear you are so fully and so usefully engaged. May the Lord direct and assist you! There is much to be done, and the time is short. The only enlivening feature in the signs of the times is the appointment of the Bishop of Jerusalem.
"On June the 28th we met our bishop, and presented to him our address. He received it with apparent satisfaction, and his answer was very encouraging. After the ceremony was over, he took me out to walk with him, in order to make some arrangements about removing his things from Keri Keri to Waimate, as he is coming to take up his abode for a time here. I took the opportunity of asking him what course would be marked out for my future proceedings. He asked me if I wished to be ordained. I answered in the affirmative. He then asked me a few questions. After which he told me my name had been spoken of by the Society, and that they had strongly recommended me for ordination. He told me, that after a short time he should not hesitate to admit me to deacon's orders, and recommended me in the meantime to read Pearson on the Creed, and to make myself ac-
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quainted with the dates of the commencement of the Roman heresies. He was remarkably kind, and told me that he wished me to study with his chaplain so as to make the benefit mutual, by my imparting to him a knowledge of the native language.
"Our bishop is a shrewd, sensible man, sound in doctrine, and possesses apparently much perseverance. He has also very extensive plans of usefulness laid down on a large scale, on what I should call good working principles. This looks well, and speaks well for him. The Waimate Church is to be his cathedral for some time. A college is to be commenced, if not established here; and the students are to wear caps and gowns. He is also about to take the boys' school under his superintendence. Mr. Taylor he has nominated to Wangaroa, and me to Kaikohe. But as he has not mentioned the circumstance to me, I cannot speak of it as authentic. To remove again into the wilderness at my time of life will be a great undertaking, and must necessarily involve much expense. I have been only preparing the way for others since I have been in the country. I have built four houses, and if I should be obliged to leave this place, by the time I shall have built another house and made it comfortable, according to the common course of nature, from the wear I have had, I think I may be removed. May my mind be stayed upon that rest which remaineth for the people of God.
"I shall give you further information when things are farther advanced. Thank you most kindly for the Record. Latterly I have received it more regularly. My son William has been poorly, and is still weak. I thought, a
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fortnight ago, he was about to follow his brother to the grave. But mercy was extended towards me, and he is now better. Mrs. Davis and the family unite with me in kindest regards to Mrs. Coleman.--I remain, my dear sir, sincerely and affectionately yours,
"WAIMATE, BAY OF ISLANDS,
May 20, 1843.
"MY DEAR SIR,--About a week ago I received the case containing the Bibles you kindly procured for me, together with a variety of other valuable books, etc., as presents. Please to accept my best thanks for them, for the shawls for Mrs. Davis and Marella, and for the things sent for my other children. The Christian Observer and Guardian will be very beneficial to me, because from them I shall be able to ascertain the nature and extent of those heresies which are springing up in our Church. For this I am thankful.
"On Trinity Sunday I am to be admitted to Deacon's orders, consequently I am much engaged at present in preparation for that solemn season. The time is now drawing near, and every day appears to add weight to the solemn subject. To be near a judicious Christian friend would now be a great relief to me. Of such friends this country is barren. Alas! what a desert it is! During the time Mr. Whytehead was permitted to remain amongst us, I felt pleasure and profit in his company. But he has been removed to another and better world. My examination was carried on by him as long as he was able, We had some profitable seasons together which
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cannot be forgotten. His memory will be always dear to me.
"Much wickedness has been just exhibited amongst the natives. A quarrel has taken place between our natives and those of Kaitaia. Upwards of twenty natives have been killed (principally of the baptized), and their, souls driven into the presence of their Judge. Noble, the Kaitaia chief, is considered to have acted in a manner very unbecoming the Christian character throughout the affair. Peace has been made with all parties excepting Noble. Should he break out again, he will be chastised by all parties. This quarrel has been a fruitful source of much mischief, and will prove a hindrance to the growth of better things. Noble's party was composed of baptized natives, as was the other party principally. Many of our people joined them, from some of whom we expected better things. The bishop went to them, and endeavoured to bring matters to an issue, but failed in his efforts. Messrs. Puckey and Matthews were much with them, but such was the wicked obstinacy of the parties, that they could not accomplish a peace, until the friends of each party had assembled and compelled them to give over the contest. Our people have all returned, and are, the principal part of them, engaged in fortifying themselves. What their object is in so doing I cannot tell.
"July 1st.--As no opportunity has offered for sending my letter direct until now, I did not close it. On Trinity Sunday the bishop admitted me to Deacon's orders. It was a solemn season. A large congregation of natives were present. What my feelings were I can scarcely tell.
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I was much excited. After my ordination I assisted in the administration of the Holy Communion to a large number of communicants. In the afternoon I preached in Maori, and in the evening read prayers in English. During my examination I received much kind consideration from the bishop. The bishop's divinity lectures were most excellent, and his private examination most solemn, so that I trust much good will arise from his appointment. I cannot but think, if all examining chaplains were so scriptural in their examinations as Mr. Whytehead was with me, and all bishops so solemnly thoughtful and prayerful as the Bishop of New Zealand in the performance of their duties, that but few unfit persons would be allowed to take upon themselves the solemn office of the sacred ministry. Thus has the Lord blessed me with the desire of my heart. I however feel the responsibility. But I trust I shall be blest with grace and strength equal to my day. This is included in the covenant. To God I wish to devote all my powers of soul and body. PRAY FOR ME.
"In February last, my dear Jane was married to Mr. Williams' eldest son, Edward. Last month, Serena, whom the Lord has restored to health after an illness of upwards of ten years, was married to Mr. Henry Butt, who came out with the bishop as a candidate for holy orders. He practised in England as a surgeon. He is likely to be ordained in September. He is a missionary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, and, I hope, a pious man. My son William is a student in St. John's College, where he is, I am happy to hear, making some progress.
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Had my dear Coleman been spared, he would have shone amongst them. Dear boy! my heart at times bleeds when I think of him. But I hope he is gone to shine in brighter worlds. I shall go to him, but he will not return to me.
"The bishop has appointed Kaikohe as my residence, which is a district about twelve miles to the south of this place. Thus shall I have to go into the bush, and begin the world again. Flesh and blood shrink from the difficulties. But I look at those difficulties as little as possible, and endeavour to keep my mind fixed on God. I trust the Society will help me all they can. I feel I am too much worn to grapple with those things as formerly. But from duty I hope never to flinch. The natives are at present hostile to my removal. But somewhere I suppose I must go, as ME. KEMPTHORNE, THE SOCIETY'S AGENT, HAS LET MY HOUSE TO THE BISHOP AT MICHAELMAS. This I HAVE FELT ACUTELY, yea, and DO FEEL IT. I could never have supposed the Church Missionary Society could have treated a faithful servant in such a way. To be rendered houseless, after nearly twenty years of faithful servitude, is calculated to make me feel. I HAVE SERVED THE SOCIETY FAITHFULLY, and would court the strictest scrutiny. To live and die for the benefit of the heathen is the wish of my heart. But to treat me so unceremoniously as I have been treated, is, to say the least of it, unjust. Their farm I procured for them, and as it now stands it cost them nothing, as its returns have cleared it of all its expenses. They have also a good mill, which has also nearly cleared its expenses. This I have done for them, and the thought
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is satisfactory to me, but ingratitude I feel. I would not have treated a menial servant so. The matter will ultimately be cleared up, but it has cost me dear. AFTER ALL I CANNOT THINK THE SOCIETY CAPABLE OF SUCH BEHAVIOUR TOWARDS ME. There is some mystery in the case. I should not have troubled you with this communication, were it not that I should be glad to know from you if you know anything of the Society's proceedings in this case, as a member of that body. May the Lord enable me to cease from man, and so cease to notice these crudities of life! At Kaikohe my prospects are bright, as it regards the work of Divine grace. Sound knowledge is increasing among them. Should I be permitted to reside there, I trust they will be a comfort to me.
"During the last six months I have held divine service, and visited alternately, at the following places:--Maungateroto, Ohaeawai, Kaikohe, Mangakahia, Otava, and Te Taheka. Once a month I have taken the native duty at Waimate, and visited at Hekelangi. Total number attending divine service, 550; of communicants, 261. At each of the above places the Sunday schools are well attended, and good progress has been made in reading and the catechisms. At Mangakahia there is a day-school for children, which gives great satisfaction.
"With kind Christian love to Mrs. Coleman, and yourself, in which Mrs. Davis and the family join,--I remain, my dear sir, sincerely and affectionately yours,