APPENDIX. [PART OF]
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I. REGULATIONS RESPECTING TRADE WITH NATIVES.......... 419
II. ORDERS FOR LIEUTENANT EMMONS'S PARTY...............420
III. ORDERS TO LIEUTENANT-COMMANDANT RINGGOLD............ 421
IV. LETTER TO QUEEN POMARE................ 422
V. ORDERS TO LIEUTENANT-COMMANDANT RINGGOLD................424
VI. ORDERS TO CAPTAIN HUDSON AND LIEUTENANT PINKNEY..................421
VII. ABSTRACT OF DIARY KEPT AT PAGO-PAGO HARBOUR ........................428
VIII. EXTRACT OF A LETTER RELATIVE TO REMARKABLE FLOW OF THE SEA..427
IX. COMMERCIAL RULES AND REGULATIONS OF SAMOAN GROUP................428
X. TABLES OF NUMBER OF PERSONS COMMITTED FOR TRIAL IN NEW SOUTH WALES............431
XI. ORDERS TO THE NATURALISTS, ETC., ETC........ 433
XII. RETURN OF SCHOOLS, ETC.................. 436
XIII. CENSUS OF 1841, AND RETURN OF IMMIGRANTS AND CONVICTS ARRIVED......438
XIV. TABLE OF RETURN OF BANKS, ETC., ETC............................442
XV. TABLE OF RETURN OF VALUE OF EXPORTS...................443
XVI. TABLE OF RETURN OF VESSELS BUILT AND REGISTERED IN THE COLONY, AND LIVE-STOCK............................444
XVII. TABLE OF RETURN OF TONNAGE OF VESSELS ARRIVING AND DEPARTING......445
XVIII. TABLE OF RETURN OF WOOL AND DUTIES, ETC., ETC..................447
XIX. TABLE OF RETURN OF SALE OF CROWN-LANDS...................448
XX. TABLE OF ESTIMATED QUANTITY OF LAND IN CULTIVATION...............448
XXI. REPORT OF STATE OF PEACOCK.......................449
XXII. TABLE OF RETURNS OF TIMBER AND FISHERIES...................450
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XXIII. STATEMENT OF INTRODUCTION OF SHEEP IN NEW SOUTH WALES........451
XXIV. LETTER TO CAPTAIN JAMES ROSS, OF HI. B. M. SHIP EREBUS................453
XXV. INSTRUCTIONS TO VESSELS FOR ANTARCTIC CRUISE........................457
XXVI. BAROMETRICAL OBSERVATIONS DURING GALES..............................459
XXVII. LETTERS FROM OFFICERS RELATIVE TO SITUATION OF SHIP..............460
XXVIII. REGISTER OF BAROMETER AND THERMOMETER ON ANTARCTIC CRUISE.....464
XXIX. REPORT OF CAPTAIN HUDSON OF THE ANTARCTIC CRUISE OF PEACOCK.....464
XXX. REPORT OF LIEUTENANT-COMMANDANT RINGGOLD OF PORPOISE, ON ANTARCTIC CRUISE....................469
XXXI. QUEEN VICTORIA AND CAPTAIN HOBSON'S PROCLAMATION TO NEW ZEALAND CHIEFS...............473
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and sudden transitions. The great anxiety I felt to attain a high southern parallel, and obtain convincing proofs of the existence of land from the indications presented, added to the ardour of the officers and crew, often involved us in situations, alike interesting, critical, and dangerous, attributing our escapes without injury to the too plain guidance of the watchful hand of Providence.
Among the most pleasing reflections are those of the perfect exemption from sickness and disease,--not a serious case occurring during the whole period, and not a symptom of incipient scurvy. I have avoided all unnecessary exposure, affording every convenience and comfort to the crew, ever keeping in mind, and rigidly adhering to, your sanitary regulations.
I cannot sufficiently express the satisfaction I feel in reporting the very exemplary conduct of the crew; a universal desire to perform their several duties was evinced, from the eldest to the youngest. I beg leave to recommend them in the strongest terms to your notice and consideration.
To the officers I return my thanks: they were ever attentive and unremitting in their duties, greatly contributing to the gratifying and safe termination of the cruise.
I feel great pleasure in speaking in high terms of them, and feel assured they will receive from you the merit which they deserve.
The observations resulting from the cruise, together with the currents, soundings, &c, are minutely and correctly placed upon the chart accompanying, which indicates the track of our researches along the Antarctic Circle.
I have the honour to be,
Your obedient servant,
(Signed) CADWALADER, RINGGOLD,
Lieut. Com. U. S. Navy.
To CHARLES WILKES, ESQ.
Commanding Exploring Expedition.
In reply to your letter of yesterday, I have to inform you that Captain William Hobson, R. N., arrived here on the 29th January, ult., in H. B. M. ship Herald, and that on the following day the two proclamations now enclosed were made. During the next week
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meetings with some of the chiefs were held by Captain Hobson, when the treaty (of which I have forwarded you a copy) was signed by a few chiefs. Subsequently Captain Hobson and suite visited Hokianga and the Thames, and obtained a few signatures at either place; hitherto these are the only proceedings which have taken place relative to the cession of any rights, by the chiefs of New Zealand, to the British crown.
Referring to the above, the other apparent measures taken by Captain Hobson to establish the British authority here are, the holding a court of sessions at Kororarika, which is in active operation, having a strong police force under its control; the formation of a General Post for New Zealand, and the appointment of various government officers for New Zealand, by His Excellency the Governor of New South Wales.
It is, however, to be remarked, that no laws relative to the mode or form of government intended to be pursued in this colony, have as yet been published.
I have the honour to be, &c,
(Signed) JAMES R. CLENDON,
U. S. Consul.
Victoria, Queen of England, with her affectionate remembrance to the chiefs and tribes of New Zealand, desires to point out to them their chieftainships in these lands; and that they may keep in peace and live in comfort, thinks it right to send an English chief to advise with the natives of New Zealand, that they may accept the government of the Queen over all their land and islands. Because there will be thousands of the Queen's subjects to reside in the lands, and they are coming.
The Queen is desirous of establishing a government, that all the evils now upon the natives from the English living in idleness and lawlessness may be removed.
Now the Queen is pleased to send me, William Hobson, Captain, Royal Navy, as governor of all the islands of New Zealand, which will at another time be given to the Queen.
The Queen says to the collection of the tribes of New Zealand, and all other tribes of New Zealand, these are the laws that we have spoken of.
First. That the chiefs at the assembly, and those that were not at
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the assembly, hereby give up entirely to the Queen for ever the government of all their land.
Secondly. The Queen of England agrees and consents to secure to all the tribes, chiefs, and all men in New Zealand, and the head chiefs, all their rights in their lands, villages, and other property. But the chiefs are to give to the Queen the right of purchasing all the lands that the owners are willing to sell, at the price they choose to put on it, and the Queen says she will pay for it herself.
Thirdly. This is the consent to the government of the Queen. The Queen will protect all the natives of New Zealand, and secure to them all the rights and privileges of the people of England.
(Signed) WILLIAM HOBSON,
Consul and Lieutenant-Governor.
We the chiefs at the collection of the tribes of New Zealand, assembled at Waitanga, are the chiefs of New Zealand, and see the truth of these words and accept them, and therefore we put our names and marks thereto.
Done at Waitanga on the 6th day of February, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty.
TRANSLATION OF THE TREATY.
HER MAJESTY, VICTORIA, Queen of England, in her gracious consideration for the chiefs and people of New Zealand, and her desire to preserve to them their lands and to maintain peace and order amongst them, has been pleased to appoint an officer to treat with them for the cession of their country, and of the islands adjacent.
The Queen seeing that many of Her Majesty's subjects have already settled in this country, and are constantly arriving, and that it is desirable for the protection of the natives to establish a government amongst them.
Her Majesty has accordingly been pleased to appoint me, William Hobson, a Captain in the Royal Navy, to be governor of such parts of New Zealand as may be now or hereafter ceded to Her Majesty, and proposes to the chiefs of the confederation of the united tribes of New Zealand, and the other chiefs, to agree to the following articles:
Art. I. The chiefs of the confederation of the united tribes, and the other chiefs who have not joined the confederation, cede to the Queen of England for ever the entire sovereignty of the country.
Art. II. The Queen of England confirms and guarantees to the
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chiefs and tribes, and to all the people of New Zealand, the possession of their lands, dwellings, and all their property. But the chiefs of the confederation and the other chiefs grant to the Queen the exclusive right of purchasing such lands as the proprietors thereof may be disposed to sell, at such prices as shall be agreed upon between them and the persons appointed by the Queen to purchase from them.
Art. III. In return for the cession of the sovereignty to the Queen, the people of New Zealand shall be protected by the Queen of England, and the rights and privileges of British subjects shall be granted to them.
(Signed) WILLIAM HOBSON,
Consul and Lieutenant-Governor.
Now we the chiefs of the confederation of the united tribes of New Zealand, being assembled at Waitanga, and we the other chiefs of New Zealand having understood the meaning of these articles, accept of them and agree to them all. In witness whereof our names or marks are affixed.
Done at Waitanga the 6th day of February, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty.
Here follow signatures of chiefs.
END OF THE SECOND VOLUME.