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(A, referred to at page 11.)
DIVISION OF NEW ZEALAND INTO TWO COLONIES.
This radical difference of position and interest between North and South Islands in "Native Matters" has led to an agitation for their temporary separation into two Colonies--the former, becoming, for a time, a Crown Colony, administered by a Crown appointed Governor and Nominee Council (including such thorough Masters of all Maori matters as Donald M'Lean and Dillon Bell, with some leading friendly chiefs) and the latter, retaining her present form of Constitution, intact, or "refitting" it in any way she might deem best. Sir George Grey, I believe, favours such a policy--and I certainly think it would be best; and that too, whether the North Island is to have Mother Country aid or not. When solid peace has been won, and when the Maori, if ever, is the "Coated Yeoman," the two Islands would be easily joined again, and New Zealand be made that real "Unity" which now she is not. The following remarks from a late New Zealand Journal take a similar view-- "The action of the Constitution should be suspended in the North Island until peace is permanently restored. The North Island should be placed under the direct rule of a Governor, irresponsible to the Colonists, and holding power and authority direct from the Home Government. Our acceptance of sole responsibility in native affairs was a mistake. The Maories, who for-
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merly venerated the Governor as the real representative of the Queen, have discovered that as things now are he is only a plastic instrument in the hands of the Ministry, who are again a changeable body, resting on the will of Parliament. Hence all but the shadow of authority has vanished in the eyes of the Maori, and with it has vanished also all but the shadow of their former respect; and that respect will not reappear until feudal chieftaincy is again assumed on behalf of Her Majesty with regard to the Maories of the North Island. This would necessitate a resumption of native control in the North Island by the Home Government, and its relinquishment by the Government of the Colony. It means, in short, a suspension of the Constitution as regards the North Island; and a temporary separation of the two islands, financially at least, until pacification is effected under the direct control of the Queen's representative."
(B, referred to at page 10.)
THE "STAFFORD MINISTRY," AND THE "POVERTY BAY MASSACRE."
Wellington Independent.-- "We cannot dwell over the details. Only think of a peaceful settlement at the darkest hour which precedes the dawn. The inhabitants are wrapped in slumber; the little children repose peacefully in cots by the bedside of their parents; the fathers and mothers sleep in fancied security. Suddenly dark forms emerge from the fern and bush, climb over the palisades, and with a ferocious yell, rush on the houses. Then there is wild confusion. Lights flash about, men spring from bed vainly to seek for arms; helpless women cower in corners, commending their souls to their Maker, while little children shriek out in unmeaning fear. God help them all! for the crack of the rifle is heard, and some meet a merciful death at once, while others are massacred under repeated blows of the deadly tomahawk. Then there is a bloody saturnalia to follow. The heads and thighs of the murdered victims are chopped off; their bowels ripped up; while tattooed men eagerly drink the blood from the palpitating corpses, and the burning of a woman's body finishes the terrible scene. Who are we to blame for this? We solemnly assert that on the head of Mr. Stafford and his colleagues in the Ministry, the blood of the men, and women, and children who have thus been slain will rest; and when the last awful day of reckoning comes they will require to account for it. We make this accusation advisedly and with due consideration. The facts warrant it."
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(C, referred to at page 16.)
OUR MAORI ALLIES.--THE KUPAPAS.
The Evening (New Zealand) Herald of the 11th November, has the following:-- "The Kupapas have turned out, as we prophesied, a miserable failure. They will boast, and clamour, and consume, but they will not fight. They get 3s. 6d. a day and rations, and are worse than a flock of sheep in the presence of the enemy. They cannot be depended upon, and they embarrass the movements of the regular troops. Old men and boys have been assisting to swallow up the revenue, and they have given nothing in return but trouble and annoyance. Their behaviour at Moturoa, with the exception of Kemp and his 70 men, was disgraceful in the extreme, and contributed to defeat. Hunia and his men bolted. Out of 470 men and boys, 400 were rank cowards. We made a grand mistake in employing them, and, if we allow them to retain their arms after they are dismissed, they will show themselves at once our masters. The British prestige will have become a shadow if we are to be driven back by the Hau-haus, and dictated to by the friendlies. It is time that the Government looked in some other direction for the means of finishing the war than in that of the friendly Maories. The great mistake all along has been to arm natives at all; but it is never too late to mend, and after disarming the Kupapas let them be sent to their respective villages."
(D, referred to at page 16.)
FRIENDLY NATIVES' NOTION OF THE WAY IN WHICH WAR SHOULD BE MADE.
From a letter addressed by the loyal natives of Wanganui to Dr. Featherston, Mr. Fox, Mr. Richmond, and the members of the General Assembly, we extract the following:-- "Friend, Mr. Fox, our advice it that this tribe, the Ngatiruanui, should be exterminated! not one should be left alive to create fresh troubles in this island. Do you consent to this proposition, viz., let the women be preserved as slaves for the Europeans, and all the children killed, lest they should grow up and destroy and eat more Europeans and natives."--From old New Zealand Paper.
Geo. WITT, Printer, 7, Earl's Court, Leicester Square, London.
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