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SAVAGE LIFE AND SCENES
AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND.
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Pubd. by Smith Elder & Co., London.
Day & Haghe, Lithrs. to the Queen.
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SAVAGE LIFE AND SCENES
AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND:
BEING AN ARTIST'S IMPRESSIONS OF COUNTRIES AND PEOPLE AT THE ANTIPODES.
With numerous Illustrations.
IN TWO VOLUMES.
TATTAYARRA SNEAKING EMU--AUSTRALIA
LONDON: SMITH, ELDER, AND CO., 65, CORNHILL.
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Printed by STEWART and MURRAY, Old Bailey.
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DURING my wanderings on the outskirts of civilization, and among savage tribes who had never beheld a white man, I invariably noted down on the instant whatever facts and impressions seemed worth recording. "Nullo, dies sine linea," was my motto; and, however much exhausted by fatigue, I never lay down to rest without having entered in my journal such observations as could not be registered by the pencil alone. My sketches have been exhibited in London and other large towns, and are being published separately; my notes are offered to the public, not without diffidence, in the following pages.
Much as has been written about South Australia and New Zealand, there yet appeared to be room for the remarks of a disinterested observer, who went to the Antipodes actuated by an ardent admiration of the grandeur and loveliness of Nature in her wildest aspect. My aim has been to describe faithfully impressions of savage life and
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scenes in countries only now emerging from a primitive state of barbarism; but which the energy and enterprise of British colonists, and the benign influence of Christianity combined, will eventually render the peaceful abodes of civilized and prosperous communities. Having penetrated into the interior of Australia and New Zealand, and been on friendly terms with the natives, sharing the hospitality and journeying in the company of the New Zealand chiefs, I may perhaps be entitled to the merit of originality on this score. But it is principally as a faithful describer of what struck the mind of an artist seeking to delineate the characteristic features of the countries and people, that I rest my claims to public attention.
Writing as an artist, I make no pretensions to literary skill, having attempted nothing beyond arranging in a readable form the rough notes that I made at the moment; and the constant demands of my profession on my time have compelled me to perform this task in a more hurried manner than I had anticipated. I must, therefore, claim indulgence for any marks of crude or hasty composition, from those readers who are accustomed to the studied paragraphs and flowing periods of accomplished writers.
GEORGE FRENCH ANGAS.
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CAPTAIN GEORGE GREY,
GOVERNOR OF NEW ZEALAND,
AND LATE GOVERNOR OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA,
These pages are dedicated,
AS A SMALL TRIBUTE,
EXPRESSING THE HIGH ESTEEM AND ADMIRATION
CHARACTER OF SO ABLE A NATURALIST,
SO ENTERPRISING A TRAVELLER,
SO GALLANT AN OFFICER,
SO DISTINGUISHED A LEGISLATOR; WHICH IS UNIVERSALLY FELT
THE COLONISTS OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA,
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CONTENTS OF VOL. I.
The Voyage from England to South Australia--Cape de Verdes-- Arrival at Port Adelaide ...... Page 1
Journey to the Murray--The Lakes Alexandrina and Albert, and the Shores of the Coorong ....... 4l
Observations on the Aboriginal Inhabitants of South Australia--The Natives of the Lower Murray, and the Lakes--Of Moorundi--The Scrub Natives--The Parnkalla and Nauo Tribes to the westward of Spencer's Gulf ........ 78
Notes of an exploring Journey along the South-east Coast of South Australia, in company with his Excellency, Captain Grey--The Coorong--Lacepede Bay--The Desert--Rivoli Bay--The New Country--Mount Schanck and Mount Gambier, with their Volcanic Lakes .........117
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Voyage to New Zealand--Mount Egmont--Port Nicholson--Town of Wellington--Porirua--Rauparaha and Rangihaeata--Mana and Taupo Pah ........224
Cloudy Bay--Te Awa iti--Queen Charlotte's Sound--Voyage to Auckland--Description of the Town and surrounding Country .....269
CHAPTER IX. General Remarks upon the Natives of New Zealand .....303
[LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS]
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ILLUSTRATIONS TO VOL.I.
Plate I. --Native Corrobbory.. to face title page.
II. -- Tattayarra sneaking Emu--Australia . title
III. --Off the Lizard, the first Week at Sea . page 2
IV. --Negro Cooking-Hut, Porto Praya. ... 24
V. --Penella Pustulosa.... 31
VI. --The Sailor Boy.... 33
VII. --Elevated Native Tomb.. to face page 71
VIII. --Kangaroo at Bay.... page 143
IX. --Scene in a New Zealand Forest. to face page 245
X. --Entrance to the Valley of the Wairau from Cloudy Bay... 271