1873 - Kennedy, A. New Zealand - [Front Matter]

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  1873 - Kennedy, A. New Zealand - [Front Matter]
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New Zealand

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All rights reserved

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THIS WORK is written in a faithful spirit, and with, the view of making an interesting and highly important country better known than it is at present to the people of the British. Isles; as well as of showing to my numerous friends in that distant colony, my affection for New Zealand.

LONDON: June 2, 1873.

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Introduction--The physical Formation and geological Character of the Islands of New Zealand, including their mineral Wealth --Climate--Its beneficial Influence on the Native Race of Inhabitants--New Zealand Fauna--The Moa -- The Kiwi Apteryx--English Birds introduced and acclimatised--Game-- Attempts to acclimatise the Salmon--Abundance of Fish in the Sea on its Coasts--Disappearance of the Seal in New Zealand--Forests--The Gum of the Kauri -- The Phormium Tenax, or New Zealand Flax--Scarcity of indigenous esculent Productions--Tropical Fruits grow in the Northern Part of the North Island--English small Fruits grow in Abundance--Grain of all Kinds produced in Perfection--Flocks and Herds--New Zealand colonised from different Points--System of Government--The Governments of Australia and New Zealand-- Character of New Zealand Statesmen--Comparative Statement of the Debt of England with that of New Zealand -- It is to be hoped that New Zealand will be guided and directed safely in her Destiny towards a great Nation--Immigration--Bona fide Settlers--The Aboriginal Inhabitants.............3


New Zealand not unknown to the early Portuguese Navigators-- New Zealand discovered by Tasman, 1642--Tasman named the Point he first sighted Cape Maria Van Diemen--Tasman's Vessels anchor in Massacre Bay--Some of Tasman's People murdered by the Natives--New Zealand neglected by the Dutch--New Zealand visited by Cook in 1769--Public opinion in England in favour of New Zealand being made a British Colony--Captain Cook recommends New South Wales to be made a Settlement for

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Convicted Criminals--Penal Settlement founded at Port Jackson --The Rev. Samuel Marsden--Adventurers from the Settlement at Port Jackson make frequent Trading and Sealing Expeditions to New Zealand--The New Zealanders are induced to visit the English Settlement at Port Jackson--Rev. Mr. Marsden visits New Zealand--Arrival of the Church of England Missionaries in New Zealand--Missionary Life in New Zealand--The Missionaries explored the Country, and acquired important Information respecting the Condition of the Inhabitants, as well as a Knowledge of its Natural History--Expeditions into the Interior of the Country became fashionable at a subsequent pEriod--The Venerable Archdeacon Henry Williams--The Bishop of Waipu --The trading Adventurers establish trading Ports at different Places--William IV. gave the Natives a national Flag and appointed a Commissioner to reside among them --Adventurers from all parts of the World flock to New Zealand--Formation of the New Zealand Company--Edward Gibbon Wakefield the guiding Spirit of the Company--The British Government coerced by the Company to assume the Sovereignty of New Zealand--New Zealand proclaimed a British Colony--The French Government found a Settlement in New Zealand--Race betwixt England and France for the Sovereignty of the South Island--Captain Owen Stanley, R. N. --The French Settlement at Akaroa............51


February, 1840: Governor Hobson resides at the Bay of Islands -- Character of the Inhabitants of the Settlement at the Bay of Islands prior to the 'Treaty of Waitangi'--Selection of Auckland as a Site for the Seat of Government--Governor Hobson removes from the Bay of Islands to Auckland--New Zealand erected into a separate Colony--Auckland by Royal Proclamation became the Capital and Seat of Government for the whole of New Zealand-- The New Zealand Company found a Town and Settlement at Port Nicholson--The Town of Wellington--The Company found two additional Settlements at Wanganui and Taranaki-- The Governor appoints Officers to collect the Revenue and administer the Laws in all the Company's Settlements--Rivalry betwixt the Government and the Company--April 18, 1841: The first Land Sale at Auckland highly favourable--The Old Land Claimants dissatisfied--Nelson the first Settlement in the South Island founded by the Company--Nelson--The Governor extremely anxious to conciliate the Company--Chief Justice and

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Bishop appointed for New Zealand--September 10, 1842: Death of Governor Hobson -- The Government that known as a Crown Colony--Condition of the Colony at the death of Governor Hobson--Primitive Condition of the Settlement at Auckland-- Prosperous Condition of the Company's Settlements--The Conflict with the Natives known as the 'Wairau Massacre'.............77


Arrival of Captain FitzRoy as Governor--A severe Monetary Crisis prevails in the Colony--The Natives get irritated as well as provoked respecting their Lands--The Governor waives the Crown's right of pre-emption over Native Lands--Impolicy of his financial Measures--The Settlements in the South petition for his recall--Johnny Heki, a Native Chief, commences the War in the North--The Town of Russell token and sacked by the Natives-- Auckland fortified--Small force in the Colony--Lieut. Barclay tried by Court-Martial--Condition of Colonial Affairs--Failure of Lieut.-Col. Hulme's Expedition--Skill displayed by the Maories in erecting Pahs--Major Wilmot, R. A. --Colonel Despard appointed Commander of the Forces--Storming party defeated before Heki's Pah at Ohaiawai--Major Macpherson, Lieut. David Beattie, Lieut. Philpotts, R. N., and Captain Grant--The Natives abandon their Pah--Governor FitzRoy recalled--Mrs. FitzRoy..........97


Arrival of Sir George Grey as Governor--His capacity for Administration--Sketch of his ambitious Career--The Debentures issued by Governor FitzRoy taken up by Sir George Grey with Imperial Funds--The Governor joins the Head-quarters of the Forces in the North--Heki's Pah at Ruapeckapecka invested by the Troops--Its Fall, and Peace restored--Sir George Grey abolishes the System of direct Purchase of Lands from the Natives by the Settlers--Character of the Governor at that Period--The Governor invites the great Chief Te Whero Whero to accompany him to the South--Hostilities there of short duration--Captain Stanley and Officers of H. M. S. 'Calliope'--Colonel Henderson, R. A. --Peaceful and industrious pursuits of the Natives--Lord Grey's first Constitution dissatisfactory--Protest against it by Bishop Selwyn and the Church of England Missionaries--Governor Grey persuades Lord Grey to suspend the

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introduction of his Constitution--Native Disturbance at Wanganui suppressed by Captain Laye--Rapid advance in Wealth and Population throughout the Colony--St. John's College-- Bishop Selwyn--Bishop Pompallier--The Wesleyans--Rev. Mr. Buller--The Scotch--Friendly Relations between the Colonists and Natives--Brief Description how a Tour was made into the Interior at that Time--The Governor, Captain Grey, created a Knight of the Bath--The late Colonel and Captain Wakefield-- Sir Charles Clifford, Mr. Stafford, Mr. Fitzherbert, Dr. Featherston, Mr. Fox, Sir David Munro, Sir Francis Dillon Bell, and the late Dr. Martin...............127

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